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JOHANN KARL WILHELM VATKE (1806-IS82)

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Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 951 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHANN KARL WILHELM VATKE (1806-IS82), German Protestant theologian, was born at Behndorf, near Magdeburg, on the r4th of March 1806. After acting as Privatdozent in Berlin, he was appointed in 1837 professor extraordinarius. Vatke was one of the f3unders of the newer Hexateuch criticism. In the same year in which David Strauss published his Life of Jesus, Vatke issued his book, Die Religion des Allen Testaments Hack den kanonischen Ditcher's entwickelt, which containedthe seeds of a revolution in the ideas held about the Old Testament. Since, however, his book was too philosophical to be popular, the author's theories were practically unnoticed for a generation, and the new ideas are now associated especially with the names of A. Kuenen and J. Wellhausen (qq.v.). He died on the 18th of April 188e. His other works include: Die menschliche Freiheit in ihrem Verheiltniss zur Siinde and zur gottlichen Gnade (1841), Historischkritische Einleitung in das Alte Testament (1886), and Religionsphilosophie (1888). See O. Pfleiderer, Development of Theology (189o), and T. K. Cheyne, Founders of Old Testament Criticism (1893).
End of Article: JOHANN KARL WILHELM VATKE (1806-IS82)
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