Online Encyclopedia

Venern] with,the addition of the defi...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 983 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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Venern] with,the addition of the definite- article VENER [Wener or Miner; often written, the largest lake in Sweden and the third largest in Europe. It has an area of 2149 sq. 1n.; a maximum length of 87 m.; an extreme breadth of 44 m.; a maximum depth of 292 ft.; and an 'altitude above sea-level of 144 ft., though the Surface sometimes rises as much as to ft. or more, for the lake is the recipient of the waters of numerous streams, the largest being the Mar, which drains the forests of Vermland and Kopparberg to the north. It is drained by the Grata river southward; to the Cattegat. It is divided into two basins by two peninsulas and a group of islands, the' western half being known as Lake Dalbo. The northern shores are high, rocky and in part wooded, the southern open and low, though isolated hills occur, such as the Kinnekulle (988. ft.), an abrupt hill exhibiting a remarkable series of geological strata. Several islands fringe this shore; of these Lecko has a fine medieval castle. This lake and Lake Vetter contain degenerate species of marine fauna, left after the retreat of the sea in which both were formerly included. By means of the Dalsland Canal from Kopmannabro, midway on the west shore ofDalbo, the lake, which is the scene of a busy traffic in timber, iron and agricultural produce, has communication with Fredrikshald in Norway; and it is traversed from Venersborg on the south to STotorp on the east by the GSta (q.v.) Canal route. The principal lake-ports are—on the north Karlstad (q.v.) and Kristinehamn, with iron-works and tobacco factory; on the east Mariestad, chief town of the district of Skaraborg, taking its name from the queen of Charles IX. (1599-1611) ; on the south Lidkoppmg, near the Kinnekulle; and Venersborg at the outflow of the G6t8, with its old bridge and canal of the 17th century, a museum, and iron foundries, tanneries and match and paper factories.
End of Article: Venern] with,the addition of the definite- article VENER [Wener or Miner; often written
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