Online Encyclopedia

VIKRAMADITYA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 66 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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VIKRAMADITYA, a legendary Hindu king of Uzjain, who is supposed to have given his name to the Vikram Samvat, the era which is used all over northern India, except in Bengal; and at whose court the " nine gems " of Sanskrit literature are also supposed to have flourished. The Vikram era is reckoned from the vernal equinox of the year 57 B.C., but there is no evidence that that date corresponds with any event in the life of an actual king. As a matter of fact, all dates in this era down to the loth century never use the word Vikram, but that of Malaya instead, that being the tribe that gives its name to Malwa. The name Vikramaditya simply means " sun of power," and was adopted by several Hindu kings, of whom Chandragupta II. (Chandragupta Vikramaditya), who ascended the throne of the Guptas about A.D. 375, approaches most nearly to the legend. See Alexander Cunningham, Book of Indian Eras (1883) ; and Vincent Smith, Early History of India (1904).
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Additional information and Comments

Vikramaditya's father was Mahendraditya(Gardabhilla). Vikramaditya fought against Shakas and had a victory. To celebrate this victory he started a new era which was initially called "Krit" then "Malva" and at a later stage "Vikram" era. Vikramaditya never put his name on his seals. Only "Senapati" and "Malavanam Ganasya Jayah" were found inscribed. Less historical details are available about Vikramaditya except mention in some literatures and stories. Many kings had assumed the title of "Vikramaditya". Chandragupta-II was one of them. Vikramaditya may have been in the first century BC. Dr. K.C. Jain & Dr. P.C. Jain had supplied valuable information in their book "Age of Vikramaditya".
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