See also:HENRY (1835–1900),
See also:American journalist and financier, was
See also:born in Speyer, Rhenish
See also:Bavaria, on the loth of
See also:April 1835 . His baptismal name was
See also:Ferdinand Heinrich Gustav Hilgard . His parents removed to
See also:Zweibrucken in 1839, and in 1856 his
See also:father, Gustav Leonhard Hilgard (d.1867), became a
See also:justice of the Supreme
See also:Court of Bavaria, at
See also:Munich . Henry was educated at the gymnasium of Zweibriicken, at the French semi-military academy in Phalsbourg in 1849–5o, at the gymnasium of Speyer in 1850-52, and at the
See also:universities of Munich and Wiirzburg in 1852–53; and in 1853, having had a disagreement with his father, emigrated—without his parents' knowledge—to the
See also:United States . It was at this
See also:time that he adopted the name Villard . Making his way 1kestward in 1854, he lived in turn at
See also:Belleville (
See also:Peoria (Illinois) and Chicago, engaged in various employments, and in 1856 formed a project, which came to nothing, for establishing a colony of "
See also:soil " Germans in Kansas . In 1856–57 he was editor, and for
See also:part of the time was proprietor, of the Racine (Wis.) Volksblatt, in which he advocated the election of
See also:John C . Fremont (Republican) . Thereafter he was associated (in 1857) with the Staats-Zeitung,
See also:Leslie's and the Tribune, of New
See also:York, and with the Cincinnati Commercial in 1859-6o; was correspondent of the New York
See also:Herald in 1861 and of the New York Tribune (with the Army of the
See also:Potomac) in 1862-63, and in 1864 was at the front as the representative of a
See also:news agency established by him in that
See also:year at
See also:Washington . In 1865 he became Washington correspondent of the Chicago Tribune, and in 1866 was the correspondent of that paper in the Prusso-
See also:Austrian War . He began to take an
See also:interest in railway financiering in 1871, was elected
See also:president of the
See also:Oregon & California railroad and of the Oregon Steamship
See also:Company in 1876, was
See also:receiver of the Kansas Pacific railway in 1876-78, organized the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company in 1879, the Oregon Improyemert Company in 188o, and the Oregon & Transcontinental Company in 1881, becoming in that year president of the
See also:Northern Pacific
See also:rail-way, which was completed under his management, and of which he remained president until 1883 .
In 1887 he again became connected with the Northern Pacific, and in 1889 was chosen chairman of its
See also:committee . He was actively identified with the financing of other Western railway projects' until 1893 . In 1881 he acquired the New York Evening
See also:Post and the Nation . In 1883 he paid the
See also:debt of the state university of Oregon, and gave to the institution $5o,000, and he also gave to the
See also:town of Zweibriicken, the home of his boyhood, an
See also:asylum (1891) . He died on the 12th of
See also:November 1900 . See
See also:Memoirs of Henry Villard, Journalist and Financier, i835-xpoo (2 vols., Boston, 1904) .
VILLANUEVA Y GELTRU
LOUIS THOMAS VILLARET DE JOYEUSE (1750-1812)
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