VINCENNES , acity and the
See also:county-seat of Knox county,
See also:Indiana, U.S.A., in the S.W.
See also:part of the state, on the E.
See also:bank of the
See also:river, about 117 m . S.W. of
See also:Indianapolis . Pop . (1890) 8853; (1900) 10,249, of whom 736 were
See also:born; (1910
See also:census) 14i895 . It is served by the Baltimore &
See also:Ohio South-Western, the
See also:Cincinnati , Chicago & St
See also:Louis, the
See also:Evansville & Terre Haute, and the Vandalia
See also:railways . Extensive levees, 15 M. in length, prevent the overflow of the Wabash river, which for nine months in the
See also:year is navigable from this point to the Ohio . The city is level and well drained, and has a
See also:system . In Vincennes are a
See also:Roman Catholic
See also:cathedral, erected in 1835, one of the
See also:oldest in the West, occupying the site of a
See also:church built early in the 18th century; Vincennes University (1806), the oldest educational institution in the state, which in 19ro had 14 instructors and 236 students; St
See also:Female Academy, and a public library .
See also:Coal, natural
See also:gas and oil are found near Vincennes . The city is a manufacturing and railway centre, and
See also:grain, pork and neat
See also:cattle . The
See also:total value of the factory products in 1905 was $3,172,279 . Vincennes was the first permanent settlement in Indiana .
On its site
See also:Francois Margane, Sieur de Vincennes, established a French military
See also:post about 1731, and a permanent settlement was made about the fort in 1735 . After the fall of
See also:Quebec the place remained under French
See also:sovereignty until 1777, when it was occupied by a
See also:British garrison . In 1778 an
See also:agent of
See also:Clark took possession of the fort on behalf of Virginia, but it was soon afterwards again occupied by the British, who called it Fort Sackville and held it until
See also:February 1779, when it was besieged and was captured (on the 25th of February) by George Rogers Clark, and passed finally under
See also:American jurisdiction . The site of the fort is marked by a granite
See also:shaft erected in 1905 by the Daughters of the Revolution . Vincennes was the capital of Indiana Territory from 'Soo to 1813, and was the
See also:meeting-place in 18o5 of the first General
See also:Assembly of Indiana Territory . In 1839 it was incorporated as a
See also:borough, and it became a city in 1856 . See J .
See also:Law, The Colonial
See also:History of Vincennes (Vincennes, 1858) ; W . H .
See also:Smith, " Vincennes, the
See also:Key to the
See also:North-West," in L . P .
See also:Powell's Historic Towns of the Western States (New
See also:York, 1901) ; " The Capture of Vincennes by George Rogers Clark," Old South Leaflets, No .
43 (Boston, n.d.) ; also
See also:chap. ii. of J . P . Dunn's Indiana (Boston, 1892) .
VINCENT (or VINCENTIUS), ST
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