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MARY ANN VINCENT (1818-1887)

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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 92 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MARY ANN VINCENT (1818-1887), American actress, was born in Portsmouth, England, on the 18th of September 1818, the daughter of an Irishman named Farlin. Left an orphan at an early age, she turned to the stage, making her first appearance in 1834 as Lucy in The Review, at Cowes, Isle of Wight. The next year she married J. R. Vincent (d. 185o), an actor, with whom she toured England and Ireland for several years. In 1846 Mrs J. R. Vincent went to America to join the stock company of the old National theatre in Boston. Here she became a great favourite. No actress in America, except Mrs Gilbert, has ever been such " a dear old lady " to so wide a circle of constant admirers. She died in Boston on the 4th of September 1887. Her memory is honoured by the Vincent Memorial Hospital, founded in that city in 1890 by popular subscription, and formally opened on the 6th of April 1891, by Bishop Phillips Brooks, as a hospital for wage-earning women and girls. VINCENT DE PAUL, ST (1576-1660), French divine, founder of the " Congregation of Priests of the Mission," usually known as Lazarites (q.v.), was born on the 24th of April 1576 at Pouy, near Dax, in Gascogne, and was educated by the Franciscans at Dax and at Toulouse. He was ordained priest in 1600. Voyaging from Toulouse to Narbonne, he was captured by Barbary pirates, who took him to Tunis and sold him as a slave. He converted his third master, a renegade Italian, and escaped with him to Aigues-Mortes near Marseilles in June 1607. After short stays at Avignon and Rome, Vincent found his way to Paris, where he became favourably known to Monsieur (after-. wards Cardinal) de Berulle, who was then founding the congregation of the French Oratory. At Berulle's instance he became curate of Clichy near Paris (1611); but this charge he soon exchanged for the post of tutor to the count of Joigny at Folleville, in the diocese of Amiens, where his success in dealing with the spiritual needs of the peasants led to the " missions " with which his name is associated. In 1617 he accepted the curacy of Chatillon-les-Dombes (or sur-Chalaronne), and here he received from the countess of Joigny the means by which he was enabled to found his first "confrerie de diorite," an association of women who ministered to the poor and the sick. In 1619 Louis XIII. made him royal almoner of the galleys. Among the works of benevolence with' which his name is associated are the establishment of a hospital for galley slaves at Marseilles, the irstitution of two establishments for foundlings at Paris, and the organization of the " Filles de la Charite," to supplement the work of the confr€Ties, whose members were mainly married women with domestic duties. He died at Paris on the 27th of September 166o, and was buried in the 'church of St Lazare. He was beatified by Benedict XIII. in 1729, and canonized by Clement XII. in 1737, his festival (duplex) being observed on the 19th of July. The Society of St Vincent de Paul was founded by Frederic Ozanam' and others in 1833, in reply to a charge brought by some free-thinking contemporaries that the church no longer had the strength to inaugurate a practical enterprise. In a variety of ways it does a great deal of social service similar to that of gilds of help. Its administration has always been in the hands of laymen, and it works through local "conferences" or branches, the general council having been suspended because it declined to accept a cardinal as its official head. Lives by Maynard (4 vols., Paris, 186o) ; Bougaud (2 vols., Paris, 1891) ; E. de Broglie (5th edition, Paris, 1899) ; Letters (2 vols., Paris, 1882) ; A. Loth (Paris, 188o) ; H. Simard (Lyons, 1894).
End of Article: MARY ANN VINCENT (1818-1887)
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LEONARDO VINCI (1690-173o)

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