Online Encyclopedia

VIOLONCELLO (Fr. violoncelle, Ger. Vi...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 108 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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VIOLONCELLO (Fr. violoncelle, Ger. Violoncell, Ital. violoncello), the bass member of the violin family. Although the word violoncello is a diminutive, signifying " small violone," or double bass, the instrument is really a bass violin, formed on a different model from the violone, which has the sloping shoulders and flat back of the viol family, whereas those of the violoncello are rounded as in the violin. The construction of the violoncello is therefore the same as that of the violin (q.v.) but on a much larger scale. It is either held, on account of its size, between the performer's knees, or rests on the floor supported on a foot or spike.
End of Article: VIOLONCELLO (Fr. violoncelle, Ger. Violoncell, Ital. violoncello)
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PAUL MARIE VIOLLET (184o- )
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