ADOLF WAGNER (1835- ) ,German economist, was
See also:born at
See also:Erlangen on the 25th of
See also:March 1835 . Educated at
See also:Gottingen and
See also:Heidelberg, he was
See also:professor of
See also:political science at Dorpat and
See also:Freiburg, and after 187o at Berlin . A prolific writer on economic problems, he brought out in his study of the subject the close relation which necessarily exists between
See also:economics and
See also:jurisprudence . He ranks without doubt as one of the most eminent German economists and a distinguished
See also:leader of the
See also:historical school . His leanings towards Christian
See also:socialism made him one of those to whom the appellation of " Katheder-Socialisten " or " socialists of the (professional)
See also:chair " was applied, and he was one of the founders of the Verein fur Socialpolitik . In 1871 he undertook, in conjunction with Professor E . Nasse (1829-1890), a new edition of
See also:Rau's Lehrbuch der politischen Okonomie, and his own
See also:special contributions, the Grundlegung and Finanzwissenschaft, afterwards published separately, are probably his most important
See also:works . He approaches economic studies from the point of view that the
See also:doctrine of the
See also:jus naturae, on which the physiocrats reared their economic structure, has lost its hold on belief, and that the old a priori and absolute conceptions of
See also:personal freedom and
See also:property have given way with it . He
See also:lays down that the economic position of the individual, instead of depending merely on so-called natural rights or even on his natural
See also:powers, is conditioned by the contemporary juristic
See also:system, which is itself an historical product . These conceptions, therefore, of freedom and property,
See also:half economic, half juristic, require a fresh examination . Wagner accordingly investigates, before anything else, the conditions of the economic
See also:life of the community, and in sub-ordination to this, determines the sphere of the economic freedom of the individual . Among his works are Beitrage zur Lehre von den Banken (1857), System der deutschen Zettelbankgesetzgebung (1870—1873) and Agrar- and Industriestaat (1902) .
See also:brother, HERMANN WAGNER (1840— ), a distinguished geographer, joined the
See also:Geographical Institute of Justus Perthes in 1868, and was editor of the statistical section of the Gothaer Almanack up to 1876 . In 1872 he founded Die Bevolkerung der Erde, a critical review of
See also:area and population, and in 1880 he was appointed professor of geography at Gottingen . He was editor of the Geographisches Jahrbuch from 1880 to 1908 . His publications include Lehrbuch der Geographie (7th ed., 1903) and Methodischer Schulatlas (12th ed., 1907) .
WAGES (the plural of " wage," from Late Lat. wadium...
RUDOLPH WAGNER (1805-1864)
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