Online Encyclopedia

WALLOONS (Wallons, from a common Teut...

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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 286 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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WALLOONS (Wallons, from a
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common Teut. word meaning "
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foreign," cf. Ger. Welsch, Du. waalsch, Eng. Welsh)
  , a
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people akin to the French, but forming a
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separate branch of the
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Romance
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race, inhabiting the Belgian provinces of Hainaut, Namur, Liege, parts of Luxemburg and
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southern Brabant, parts of the French departments of
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Nord and
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Ardennes, and a few villages in the neighbourhood of
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Malmedy in Rhenish Prussia . The Walloons are descended from the ancient Gallic Belgi, with an admixture of
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Roman elements . They are in general characterized by greater vivacity and adaptability than their Flemish neighbours, while they excel their French neighbours in en-durance and industry . Their numbers are reckoned in Belgium at between 2,000,000 and 3,000,000 . The Walloon dialect is a distinct branch of the Romance
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languages, with some ad-mixture of Flemish and Low German . It was used as a
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literary language until the 15th century, when it began to be assimilated to French, by which it was ultimately superseded . Grandgagnage, De l'origine
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des Wallons (Liege, 1852), Vocabulaire des noms wallons, &c . (2nd ed., 1857), and
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Diet. etymol. de la langue wallonne (t. i. and ii., 1845—1851; t. iii., byScheler,1880) ; J . Dejardin, Diet. des " spots " ou proverbes wallons (1863) ;
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Van der Kindere, Recherches sur l' ethnologic de la Belgique (Brussels, 1872) ; Demarteau, Le Flamand, le Walton, (Liege . 1889) ; M . Wilmotte, Le Walton, Histoire et litlerature (Brussels, 1893) ; Monseur, Le
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Folklore wallop (Brussels, 1892) .

End of Article: WALLOONS (Wallons, from a common Teut. word meaning " foreign," cf. Ger. Welsch, Du. waalsch, Eng. Welsh)
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WALLOON LITERATIIRE
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SIR HENRY WALLOP (c. 1540-1599)

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