See also:brick or other material, used as a defensive, protecting, enclosing or dividing fence, or as the enclosing and supporting sides of a
See also:house or
See also:room . The
See also:Roman vellum was an
See also:earth rampart with stakes or palisades (vallus, stake; Gr. iXos,
See also:nail) and the Old
See also:English word was particularly applied to such earth walls; for the remains of the Roman walls in Britain see BRITAIN . The word, however, was also applied to stone defensive walls, for which the Latin word was murus . The
See also:history of the
See also:wall as .a means of defence will be found in the article FORTIFICATION AND SIEGECRAFT, the architectural and constructional side under the headings ARCHITECTURE,
See also:MASONRY and
See also:BRICKWORK . In anatomy and zoology the
See also:term " wall," and also the Latin term paries, is used for an investing or enclosing structure, as in "
See also:cell-walls," walls of the
See also:abdomen, &c . In the days when footpaths were narrow and
See also:ill-paved or non-existent in, the streets of towns and when the gutters were often overflowing with
See also:water and filth, the side nearest to the wall of the bordering houses was safest and cleanest, and hence to walk on that side was a
See also:privilege, hence the expressions " to take " or " to give the wall." The term " wall-
See also:rib " is given in architecture to a
See also:half-rib bedded in the wall, to carry the
See also:web or
See also:shell of the vault . In Roman and in early Romanesque
See also:work the web was laid on the top of the stone courses of the wall, which had been cut to the arched
See also:form, but as this was often irregularly done, and as sometimes the courses had sunk owing to the drying of the
See also:mortar, it was found better to provide an
See also:independent rib to carry the web; half of this rib was sunk in the wall and the other half moulded like the transverse and diagonal ribs, so that if the wall sank, or if it had to be taken down from any cause, the vault would still retain its position . The word " wall
See also:eye " or " wall-eyed " is applied to a
See also:condition of the eye, particularly of a
See also:horse, in which there is a large amount of
See also:white showing or there is
See also:absence of
See also:colour in the
See also:iris, or there is leucoma of the cornea . It is also applied to the white staring eyes of certain fishes . The word has no connexion with " wall " as above, but is from the Icelandic vagleygr, vagl, a
See also:sty in the eye, and eygr, eyed .
RICHARD WALL (1694-1778)
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