Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 291 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MARIE ESPRIT LEON WALRAS (1834–1910), French economist, was born at Evreux in 1834. From 1866 to 1868 he edited a journal called Le Travail, to which he contributed many valuable sociological articles. In 1870 he was appointed professor of political economy at Lausanne, a post which he retained until his retirement in 1892. He died on the 4th of January 1910. Walras is best known for his mathematical treatment of economics, and the extreme care he has shown in his works in distinguishing theory and practice. His most important works are Elements d'economie politique pure (1874–1877) and Theorie mathematique de la richesse sociale (1883). Of his many valuable papers contributed to various periodicals a good bibliography will be found in the Did. Pol. Econ. iii. 654. See biographical notice in Economic Journal (March, 191o) by Vilf redo Pareto, his successor in the chair of political economy at Lausanne.
End of Article: MARIE ESPRIT LEON WALRAS (1834–1910)
WALRUS, or MORSE (Odobaenus rosmarus)

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