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WAQIDI [Abu `Abdallah Mahommed ibn `U...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 305 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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WAQIDI [Abu `Abdallah Mahommed ibn `Umar ul-Wagidi] (747-823), Arabian historian, was born at Medina, where he became a corn-dealer but was compelled tc flee from his creditors (owing largely to his generosity) to Bagdad. Here the Barmecide, vizier Yahya b. Khalid (see BARMECIDES) gave him means and made him cadi in the western district of the city. In 819 he was transferred to Rosafa (Rusafa) on the east side. His greatest work is the Kitab ul-Maghdzi, or history of Mahomet's campaigns. The first third of the Kstab ul-Maghdzi (one leaf missing) was published by A. von Kremer from a Damascus MS. (Calcutta, 1856). Sprenger in his Leben Muhammad's used a British Museum MS. containing the first half, all but one leaf. J. Wellhausen published an abridged German translation from another British Museum MS. under the title Muhammad in Medina (Berlin, 1882). Ascribed to Wagidi, but probably written at the time of the Crusades to incite the Moslems against the Christians, are several works on the conquests of Islam. One of the best known is the Futult ush-Sham, edited by W. Nassau Lees (Calcutta, 1854–1862; Cairo, 1865). M. J. de Goeje, in his Memoires sur la conque"te de la Syrie (Leiden, 1900), holds that this work is founded on that of Abu Hudhaifa ul-Bukhari, which in turn is an edition of the real Waqidi. See ARABIA, Literature, section " History." (G. W. T.)
End of Article: WAQIDI [Abu `Abdallah Mahommed ibn `Umar ul-Wagidi] (747-823)
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