See also:negro teacher and reformer, was
See also:born on a
See also:plantation near
See also:county, Virginia . Soon after the
See also:Civil War he went to
See also:Malden, West Virginia, where he worked in a
See also:salt fumace and then in a
See also:coal mine . He obtained an elementary
See also:education at
See also:night school, and worked as a
See also:house servant in a
See also:family where his ambition for knowledge was encouraged . In 1872 " by walking, begging rides both in wagons and in the.cars " he travelled 500 M. to the Hampton (Virginia) Normal and Agricultural Institute, where he remained three years, working as janitor for his
See also:board and education, and graduated in 1875 . For two years he taught at Malden, West Virginia, and studied for eight months (1878–1879) at the Way-
See also:land Seminary in
See also:Washington, D.C . In 1879 he became instructor at the Hampton Institute, where he trained about seventy-five American
See also:Indians with whom General S . C .
See also:Armstrong was carrying on an educational experiment, and he
See also:developed the night school, which became one of the most important features of the institution . In 1881 he was appointed organizer and
See also:principal of a negro normal school at
See also:Alabama (q.v.), for which the state legislature had made an
See also:annual appropriation of $2000 . Opened in
See also:July 1881 in a little shanty and
See also:church, the Tuskegee Normal and
See also:Industrial Institute became, under Washington's
See also:presidency, the foremost exponent of industrial education for the negro . To promote its interests and . to establish better understanding between whites and blacks, Washington delivered many addresses throughout the
See also:United States, notably a speech in 1895 at the opening of the
See also:Cotton States and
See also:International Exposition . In 1900 at Boston, Massachusetts, he organized the
See also:National Negro Business
See also:League .
Harvard conferred upon him the honorary degree of A.M. in 1896, andDartmouth that of LL.D. in 19o1 . Among his publications are a remarkable autobiography, Up from
See also:Slavery (1901), The Future of the American Negro (1899),
See also:Sowing and
See also:Reaping (190o), Character
See also:Building (190?), Working with the Hands (19o4), Tuskegee and its
See also:People (19o5), Putting the most into
See also:Life (1906), Life of
See also:Douglass (1 07), The Negro in Business (1907) and The
See also:Story of the Negro (1909) .
WASHINGTON (or WASHINGTON COURT HOUSE)
BUSHROD WASHINGTON (1762-1829)
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