Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 464 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GEORG RUDOLF WECKHERLIN (1584—1653), German poet, was born at Stuttgart on the 15th of September 1584. After studying law he settled at Stuttgart, and, as secretary to the Duke Johann Friedrich of Wurttemberg, was employed on diplomatic missions to France and England. Between 162o and 1624 he lived in England in the service of the Palatinate, and seems also to have been employed by the English government. In 1644 he was appointed " Secretary for Foreign Tongues " in England, a position in which, on the establishment of the Commonwealth, he was followed byMilton. He died in London on the 13th of February 16J3. Weckherlin was the most distinguished of the circle of South German poets who prepared the way for the Renaissance movement associated in Germany with Martin Opitz. Two volumes of his Oden and Gesange appeared in 1618 and 1619; his collected Geistliche and weltliche Gedichte in 1641. His models were the poets of the French Pleiade, and with his psalms, odes and sonnets he broke new ground for the German lyric. An epic poem on the death of Gustavus Adolphus, in alexandrines, seems to have won most favour with his contemporaries. Weckherlin's Gedichte have been edited by H. Fischer for the Stuttgarler LiterarischerVerein(vols. cxcix.-cc., 1894—1895). Selections were published by W. Muller (1823) and K. Goedeke (1873). See also C. P. Conz, Nachrichten van dent Leben and den Schriften Weckhertins (1803) ; E. Hopfner, G. R. Weckherlins Oden and Gesange (1865) ; H. Fischer, Beitrage zur Literaturgeschichte Schwabens (1891), and the same author's article in the Allgemeine deutsche Biographie (1896).
End of Article: GEORG RUDOLF WECKHERLIN (1584—1653)
THOMAS WEBSTER (1800-1886)
JAMES WEDDERBURN (1495?-1533), JOHN (1500-1556)

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