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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 507 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JULIUS WELLHAUSEN (1844— ), German biblical scholar and Orientalist, was born at Hameln on the Weser, Westphalia, on the 17th of May 1844. Having studied theology at the university of Gottingen under Heinrich Ewald, he established himself there in 187o as privat-docent for Old Testament history. In 1872 he was appointed professor ordinarius of theology in Greifswald. Resigning in 1882 owing to conscientious scruples, he became professor extraordinarius of oriental languages in the faculty of philology at Halle, was elected professor ordinarius at Marburg in 1885, and was transferred to Gottingen in 1892. V6'ellhausen made his name famous by his critical investigations into Old Testament history and the composition of the Hexateuch, the uncompromising scientific attitude he adopted in testing its problems bringing him into antagonism with the older school of biblical interpreters. The best known of his works are De gentibus et familiis Judaeis (Gottingen, 187o); Der Text der Bucher Samuelis untersucht (Gottingen, 1871); Die Pharis¢er and Sadducder (Greifswald, 1874); Prolegomena zur Geschichte Israels (Berlin, 1882; Eng. trans., 1885; 5th German edition, 1899; first published in 1878 as Geschichte Israels); Mohammed in Medina (Berlin, 1882); Die Komposition des Hexateuchs and der historischen Bucker des Alten Testaments (1889, 3rd ed. 1899); Israelitische and .jiidische Geschichte (1894, 4th ed. 19or); Reste arabischen Heidentums (1897); Das arabische Reich andsein Sturz (1902); Skizzen and Vorarbeiten (1884—1899); and new and revised editions of F. Bleek's Einleitung in das Alte Testament (4-6, 1878—1893). In 1906 appeared Die christliche Religion, mit Einschluss der israelitisch judischen Religion, in collaboration with A. Pincher, A. Harnack and others. He also did useful and interesting work as a New Testament commentator. He published Das Evangelium Marci, i bersetzt and erkldrt in 1903, Das Evangelium Matthdi and Das Evangelium Lucae in 1904, and Einleitung in die drei ersten Evangelien in 1905.
End of Article: JULIUS WELLHAUSEN (1844— )

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