WEMYSS , a
See also:parish of Fifeshire, Scotland, embracing the villages of East and West Wemyss and the
See also:police burgh of Buckhaven, a fishing
See also:port lying on the
See also:shore of the Firth of Forth, 21 m . S.W. of Leven, on the
See also:British Railway
See also:Company's branch
See also:line from
See also:Thornton Junction to Methil .
See also:mining is the
See also:industry of the
See also:district, the coal being exported from the port of Methil, of which the
See also:harbour was constructed by
See also:David, 2nd
See also:earl of Wemyss (d . 1679), the
See also:town being made a burgh of
See also:barony in 1662 . Population of Buckhaven, including Methil and Innerleven (1901), 8828; of East Wemyss, 2522; of West Wemyss, 1253; of Wemyss parish, 15,031 . The district is of much archaeological and historic
See also:interest . On the shore to the north-east are two square towers which are supposed to have formed
See also:part of
See also:castle; and near them are the remarkable caves (weems, from the Gaelic, uamha) from which the district derives its name . Several of them contain archaic sculptures, held by some to be the
See also:work of the Christian missionaries who found shelter here; by others ascribed to the same prehistoric agency as the inscribed stones of northern Scotland . Near East Wemyss is Wemyss Castle, the
See also:ancient seat of the
See also:family of the same name which has played a conspicuous part in Scottish
See also:history .
EARLS OF WEMYSS
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