See also:Norwegian poet and
See also:prose writer, was
See also:born at
See also:Christiansand on the 17th of
See also:June 18o8 . He was the eldest son of
See also:Professor Nikolai
See also:Wergeland (1780-1848), who had been a member of the constitutional
See also:assembly which proclaimed the independence of Norway in 1814 at Eidsvold . Nikolai was himself pastor of Eidsvold, and the poet was thus brought up in the very
See also:holy of holies of Norwegian patriotism . He entered the university of
See also:Christiania in 1825 to study for the
See also:church, and was soon the
See also:leader of a
See also:band of enthusiastic
See also:young men who desired to revive in Norway the spirit and independence of the old vikings . His earliest efforts in literature were
See also:wild and formless . He was full of
See also:imagination, but without taste or knowledge . He published poetical farces under the pseudonym of " Siful Sifadda "; these were followed in 1828 by an unsuccessful tragedy; and in 1829 by a
See also:volume of lyrical and patriotic poems, Digte, forste
See also:Ring, which attracted the liveliest
See also:attention to his name . At the age of twenty-one he became a power in literature, and his enthusiastic preaching of the doctrines of the revolution of
See also:July made him a force in politics also . Meanwhile he was tireless in his efforts to advance the
See also:national cause . He established popular
See also:libraries, and tried to alleviate the widespread poverty of the Norwegian peasantry . He preached the
See also:life, denounced
See also:foreign luxuries, and set an example by wearing Norwegian homespun . But his numerous and varied writings were coldly received by the critics, and a
See also:monster epic, Skabelsen, Mennesket og Messias (Creation, Man and
See also:Messiah), 183o, showed no improvement in
See also:style .
It was remodelled in 1845 as Mennesket . From 1831 to 1835 Wergeland was submitted to severe satirical attacks from J . S. leWelhaven and others, and his style improved in every respect . His nationalist
See also:political propaganda lacked knowledge and
See also:system . His partisans were alienated by his inconsistent admiration for
See also:King Carl Johan, by his unpopular advocacy of the Jewish cause, and by the extravagance of his methods generally . His popularity waned as his
See also:poetry improved, and in 184o he found himself a really
See also:great lyric poet, but an
See also:exile from political influence . In that
See also:year he became keeper of the royal archives . He died on the 12th of July 1845 . In 1908 a statue was erected to his memory by his compatriots at Fargo,
See also:North Dakota . His
See also:van Huysums Blomsterstykke (184o), Svalen (1841), Joden (1842), Jodinden (1844) and Den Engelske Lods (1844),
See also:form a series of narrative poems in
See also:short lyrical metres which remain the most interesting and important of their kind in Norwegian literature . He was less successful in other branches of letters; in the drama neither his Campbellerne (1837), Venetianerne (1843), nor Sokadetterne (1848), achieved any lasting success; while his elaborate contribution to political
See also:history, Norges Konstitutions Historie (1841—1843), is forgotten . The poems of his later years include many lyrics of great beauty, which are among the permanent treasures of Norwegian poetry .
Wergeland's Samlede Skrifter (9 vols., Christiania, 1852–1857) were edited by H .Lassen, the author of Henrik Wergeland og hans Samtid (1866), and the editor of his Breve (1867) . See also H . Schwanenflugel, Henrik Wergeland (
See also:Copenhagen, 1877); and J . G . Kraft, Norsk Forfatter-Lexikon (Christiania, 1857), for a detailed bibliography .
COUNT VON KARL WILHELM FRIEDRICH AUGUST LEOPOLD WER...
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