JOHANN RUCHRAT VON WESEL (d. 1481) ,German theologian, was
See also:born at Oberwesel early in the 15th century . He appears to have been one of the leaders of the humanist
See also:movement in Germany, and to have had some intercourse and sympathy with the leaders of the
See also:Hussites in Bohemia .
See also:Erfurt was in his
See also:day the headquarters of a humanism which was both devout and opposed to the realist metaphysic and the Thomist
See also:theology which prevailed in the
See also:universities of Cologne and
See also:Heidelberg . Wesel was one of the professors at Erfurt between 1445 and 1456, and was
See also:vice-rector in 1458 . In 146o he was appointed preacher at
See also:Mainz, in 1462 at
See also:Worms, and in 1479, when an old and worn-out man, he was brought before the Dominican inquisitor Gerhard Elten of Cologne . The charges brought against him took a theological turn, though they were probably prompted by dislike of his philosophical views . They were chiefly based on a
See also:treatise, De indulgentiis, which he had composed while at Erfurt twenty-five years before . He had also written De potestate ecclesiastica . He died under
See also:sentence of imprisonment for
See also:life in the Augustinian convent in Mainz in 148r . It is somewhat difficult to determine the exact theological position of Wesel .
See also:Ullmann claims him as a " reformer before the Reformation," but, while he mastered the formal principle of Protestantism, that scripture is the
See also:rule of faith, it is more than doubtful that he had that experimental view of the doctrines of
See also:grace which
See also:lay at the basis of Reformation theology . He held that Christ is men's righteousness in so far as they are guided by the
See also:Holy Ghost, and the love towards
See also:God is
See also:shed abroad in their
See also:hearts, which clearly shows that he held the
See also:medieval idea that
See also:justification is an habitual grace implanted in men by the gracious at of God .
He seems, however, to have protested against certain medieval ecclesiastical ideas which he held to be excrescences erroneously grafted onChristian faith and practice . He objected to the whole
See also:system of indulgences; he denied the
See also:infallibility of the
See also:church, on the ground. that the church contains within it sinners as well as
See also:saints; he insisted that papal authority could be upheld only when the
See also:pope remained true to the evangel; and he held that a
See also:sharp distinction ought to be
See also:drawn between ecclesiastical sentences and punishments, and the judgments of God . The best account of Wesel is to be found in K . Ullmann's Reformers before the Reformation . His
See also:tract on Indulgences is published in
See also:Watch's Monumenta Medii Aevi, vol. i., while a
See also:report of his trial is given in Ortuin C:ratius's Fasciculus rerum expetendarumn et fugiendarum (ed. by
See also:London, 1690), and d'Argentre's Collectio judiciorum de novis erroribus (
See also:Paris, 1728) . See also
See also:Otto Clemen's
See also:art. in Herzog-Hauck's Realencyklopadie
See also:file prat . Theologie and Kirche (3rd ed.,
See also:Leipzig, 1908), xxi . 127 .
WESER (O. Ger. Visuracha, Wisura, Lat. Visurgis)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.