WHIP , ingeneral, an instrument for striking, usually consisting of a handle of a flexible nature with a lash attached (see WHIP-PING, below) . In
See also:parliamentary usage, a " whip " is a member (or members) chosen by the
See also:leader or leaders of a
See also:political party for the
See also:duty of securing the attendance of the other members of that party on all necessary occasions, the
See also:term being abbreviated from the whipper-in of a
See also:hunt . The name is also given to the summons urging members of the party to attend . Whips are, of course, always members ofparliament, and for the party in power (i.e. the
See also:government) their services are very essential, seeing that the
See also:fate of an important measure, or even the existence of the government itself, may depend upon the result of a division in the
See also:House . Where the majority of the party in power is not large it is very necessary that there should always be at
See also:hand a sufficient number of its supporters to make up a majority, and without the assistance of the whips it would be impossible to secure this . The chief whip of the government holds the
See also:office of patronage secretary to the
See also:treasury, so called because when offices were freely distributed to secure the support of members, it was his chief duty to dispose of the patronage to the best
See also:advantage of his party . He is still the channel through which such patronage as is
See also:left to the
See also:minister is dispensed . He is assisted by three junior whips, who are officially appointed as junior lords of the treasury; their salaries are £r000 a
See also:year each, while the patronage secretary has a
See also:salary of £2000 . The parties not in office have whips who are unpaid . Attendance of members is primarily secured by lithographed notices sent by the whips to their following, the urgency or importance of the
See also:notice being indicated by the number of lines underscoring the notice, a four-
See also:line whip usually signifying the extremest urgency . The whips also arrange for the " pairing " of such of the members of their party who
See also:desire to be absent with those members of the opposition party who also desire to be absent . The chief whips of either party arrange in consultation with each other the leading speakers in an important debate, and also its length, and give the
See also:list of speakers to the
See also:speaker or chairman, who usually falls in with the arrangement .
They take no
See also:part in debate themselves, but are constantly
See also:present in the House during its sittings, keeping a
See also:finger, as it were, upon the
See also:pulse of the House, and constantly informing their leader as to the state of the House . When any division is regarded as a strictly party one, the whips
See also:act as tellers in the division . An interesting account of the office of whip is given in A . L .
See also:Lowell's Government of England (1908), vol. i. c.
See also:xxv .
WHIPPING, or FLOGGING
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