See also:village and the
See also:county-seat of Westchester county, New
See also:York, U.S.A., about 12 M . N. of New York City on the
See also:river, about midway between the Hudson river and Long
See also:Island Sound . Pop . (189o) 4508; (1900) 7899, of whom 1679 were
See also:born and 26g were negroes; (1910
See also:census) 26,425 . The village is served by the New York Central & Hudson River railway, and is connected by electric lines with New York City, and with
See also:Mount Vernon, New Rochelle,
See also:Tarrytown and
See also:Mamaroneck .
See also:White Plains is a beautiful residential suburb stretching over a considerable
See also:area of
See also:tree-clad hills and picturesque stretches of meadow lands in the valley of the Bronx and Mamaroneck
See also:rivers . Near the village are
See also:Silver, Kensico and
See also:Rye lakes . Among the public buildings and the institutions here are a
See also:fine Public Library
See also:building, a
See also:hall, an armoury, the Westchester county
See also:house and county jail, several private
See also:schools, the White Plains Hospital, St
See also:Agnes Hospital, the Presbyterian Convalescents' Sanitarium, the New York Orthopaedic Hospital, Muldoon's Hygienic Institute and Bloomingdale Hospital for the Insane (1821) . In White Plains are the grounds of the Century
See also:Club, the Knollwood
See also:Golf and Country Club and the Westchester County
See also:Fair Association . There are some prosperous farms and market gardens . When the Dutch first settled Manhattan, the central portion of what is now Westchester county was the granary for
See also:part of the Mahican tribe; it was calied Quarropas by the
See also:Indians . To the early traders here the region was known as " the White Plains " from the groves of white
See also:balsam which covered it .
The first organizedsettlement (
See also:November 1683) was by a party of
See also:Connecticut Puritans, who had settled at Rye in what was thendisputed territory between New York and Connecticut; they moved westward in a
See also:body and took up lands the title to which they bought from the Indians . The heirs of
See also:John Richbell claimed that White Plains was comprised in a
See also:tract extending N. from the Mamaroneck river granted to him by the Dutch and
See also:con-firmed by the
See also:English, and the controversy between these heirs and the settlers from Rye was only settled in 1722 by the
See also:grant to
See also:Joseph Budd and sixteen other settlers of a royal patent under which the freeholders
See also:chose their
See also:officers and managed their own affairs . In 1759 White Plains succeeded Westchester as the county-seat of Westchester county . In the early summer of 1776 the Third Provincial Congress, having adjourned from New York City, met here in the old court house on South Broadway—the site is now occupied by an armoury and is marked by a
See also:monument (1910) . From the steps of this building the Declaration of Independence, brought from
See also:Philadelphia, was officially read for the first
See also:time in New York on the 11th of
See also:July 1776 . Here Congress adopted formally the name "
See also:Convention of Representatives of the State of New York," and from this
See also:dates the existence of New York as a state . After the
See also:British under
See also:Howe had effected a landing at Throg's
See also:Neck on Long Island Sound,
See also:Washington withdrew (
See also:October) all his forces from the
See also:North end of Manhattan Island except the garrison of Fort Washington, and (21st October) concentrated his army near White Plains . His right rested on the Bronx river here, and there was a small force in
See also:rude earthworks on
See also:Hill on the W.
See also:bank . This point Howe attacked (October 28th), his troops advancing in two columns 4000 strong, the British under General
See also:Leslie, the Hessians under Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall . General Alexander McDougall, in command of the
See also:American right wing, reinforced the troops on the hill, making the number of the defenders about 1600 . The attack was stubbornly resisted for some time, after which the Americans retreated in
See also:order across the river . The British had sustained such a severe loss (about 250) that no attempt was made to follow the Americans, who carried their dead and wounded, some 125 in number, away with them .
Washington's forces retired three days later to North
See also:Castle township, _where they occupied a stronger position . The old
See also:Miller House, which still stands in North White Plains, was occupied at intervals by Washington as his headquarters before the
See also:battle and again in the summer of 1778 . In 1779 a
See also:Continental force under
See also:Burr was stationed here for some months, and in 1781 (July) White Plains was occupied by parts of Lauzun's and Rochambeau's French force . In, 1866 White Plains received a village
See also:charter, which it still retains in spite of its large population . See F . Shonnard and W . W . Spooner,
See also:History of Westchester County (N.Y., 1900), and J . T .
See also:Scharf, History of Westchester County (2 vols., ibid., 1886) .
ANDREW DICKSON WHITE (1832– )
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