Online Encyclopedia

THOMAS WHITE (1628-1698)

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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 602 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THOMAS WHITE (1628-1698), bishop of Peterborough, was born at Aldington in Kent, and educated at St John's College, Cambridge. Having taken hoiy orders, he became vicar of Newark-on-Trent in 1660, vicar of Allhallows the Great, London, in 1666, and vicar of Bottesford, Leicestershire, in 1679. In 1683 he was appointed chaplain to the princess Anne, and in 1685 he was chosen bishop of Peterborough. In 1688 he joined the archbishop of Canterbury, William Sancroft, and five of his suffragan bishops in petitioning against the declaration of indulgence issued by James II., sharing the trial and the triumph-ant acquittal of his colleagues. In 1689 he refused to take the oath of allegiance to William and Mary and was deprived of his see, but he did not become very active among the nonjurors. White died on the 3oth of May 1698. The bishop must be distinguished not only from the founder of Sion College, but also from Thomas White (1593-1676), philosopher and controversialist. Educated at St Omer, Valladolid and Douai, the latter was ordained priest in 1617, and taught for some years in the college at Douai. Later he was president of the English college at Lisbon. He died in London on the 6th of July 1676. White was a voluminous writer; not only did he engage in controversy with Protestants, but he attacked the personal infallibility of the pope.
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