Online Encyclopedia

HENRI WIENIAWSKI (1835—1880)

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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 623 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HENRI WIENIAWSKI (1835—1880), Polish violinist and composer, was born at Lublin, in Poland, on the loth of July 1835. He was a pupil of the Paris Conservatoire from 1843 to 1846, and again in 1849—1850. Meanwhile he had given concerts in his native country and in Russia, and in 185o entered upon the career of a travelling virtuoso, together with his brother Joseph, a distinguished pianist. He was appointed solo violinist to the tsar in 1860, and taught in the Conservatoire of St Peters-burg from 1862 to 1867. He went on tour again in 1872 with Rubinstein in America, and on his return in 1874 was appointed to succeed Vieuxtemps as professor in the Brussels Conservatoire; but, like his predecessor, he was compelled through ill-health to give up the post after three years, returning to a public career in spite of his illness, until his death, which occurred in a hospital in Moscow, on the 31st of March 1880. He was a wonderfully sympathetic solo player, and a good if not a great quartet player. His Legende, the fantasias on Faust and on Russian airs, his two concertos and some other pieces, have retained their high place in the violin repertory.
End of Article: HENRI WIENIAWSKI (1835—1880)
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