Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 658 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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WILLEMITE, a mineral consisting of zinc orthosilicate, Zn2SiO4, crystallizing in the parallel-faced hemihedral class of the rhombohedral system. Crystals have the form of hexagonal prisms terminated by rhombohedral planes: there are distinct cleavages parallel to the prism-faces and to the base. Granular and cleavage masses are of more common occurrence. The colour varies considerably, being colourless, white, greenish-yellow, apple-green, flesh-red, &c. The hardness is 52, and the specific gravity 3.9-4.2. A variety containing much manganese replacing zinc is called " t:roostite." Willemite occurs at Sterling Hill, Sussex county, and Franklin Furnace in New Jersey, where it is associated with other zinc ores (franklinite and zincite) in crystalline limestone. It has been found at only a few other localities, one of which is near Liege, and for this reason the mineral was named after William I. of the Nether-lands. Under the influence of. radium radiations, willemite fluoresces with a brilliant green colour. (L. J. S.)
End of Article: WILLEMITE

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