WOLFDIETRICH ,German hero of
See also:romance . The
See also:tale of
See also:Wolf dietrich is connected with the Merovingian princes,
See also:Theodoric and Theodebert, son and
See also:grandson of
See also:Clovis; but in the
See also:Middle High German poems of
See also:Ortnit and Wolfdietrich in the
See also:Heldenbuch (q.v.) Wolf dietrich is the son of Hugdietrich, emperor of Constantinople . Repudiated and exposed by his
See also:father, the
See also:child was spared by the wolves of the
See also:forest, and was educated by the faithful Berchtung of
See also:Meran . The account of his parents and their wooing, however, differs in various texts . After the emperor's
See also:death Wolfdietrich was driven from his
See also:inheritance by his
See also:brothers at the instigation of the traitor Sabene . Berchtung and his sixteen sons stood by Wolfdietrich . Six of these were slain and the other ten imprisoned . It was only after long
See also:exile in
See also:Lombardy at the
See also:court of
See also:King Ortnit that the hero returned to deliver the captives and regain his
See also:kingdom . Wolfdietrich's exile and return suggested a parallel with the
See also:history of Dietrich of
See also:Bern, with whom he was often actually identified; and the Mentors of the two heroes, Hildebrand and Berchtung, are
See also:cast in the same
See also:mould . Presently features of the Wolfdietrich
See also:legend were transferred to the Dietrich cycle, and in the Anhang to the Heldenbuch it is stated in despite of all
See also:historical considerations that Wolfdietrich was the grandfather of the Veronese hero . Among the exploits of Wolfdietrich was the slaughter of the
See also:dragon which had slain Ortnit (q.v.) . He thus took the place of Hardheri, one of the mythical Hartung brothers, the
See also:original hero of this feat .
The myth attached itself to the
See also:family of Clovis, around which epic tradition rapidly gathered . Hugdietrich is generally considered to be the epic counterpart of Theodoric (Dietrich), eldest son of Clovis . The prefix was the
See also:equivalent of
See also:Frank,l and was employed to distinguish him from Theodoric the Goth . After his father's death he divided the kingdom with his brothers . Wolfdietrich represents his son Theodebert (d . 548), whose succession was disputed by his uncles, but was secured by the
See also:loyalty of the Frankish nobles . But father and son are merged by a
See also:process of epic
See also:fusion in Wolfdietrich . The rape of Sydrat, daughter of the
See also:heathen Walgunt of Salnecke, by Hugdietrich disguised as a woman, is typical of the tales of the wooing of heathen princesses made fashionable by the
See also:Crusades, and was probably extraneous to the original legend . It may, however, also be put on a semi-historical basis by adopting the
See also:suggestion of C . Voretzsch (Epische Studien I . Die Comp.
See also:des Huon von
See also:Halle 19oo), that Wolfdietrich is far more closely connected with Theodoric than Theodebert, and that Hugdietrich, therefore, stands for Clovis, the hero, in the Merovingian historians, of a well-known Brautfahrtsaga . Ortnit and Wolfdictrich have been edited by Dr J .
L . Edlen von Lindhausen (Tilbingen, 1906) . G .
See also:Sarrazin, in Zeitschr. fur deutsche Phil . (1896), compared the legend of Wolfdietrich with the history of Gundovald, as given by
See also:Gregory of
See also:Tours in books vi. and vii. of his Hist . Francorum .
JOSEPH WOLF (1820-1899)
CHARLES WOLFE (1791-1823)
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