WOLLIN , an
See also:island of Germany, in the Prussian province of
See also:Pomerania, the more easterly of the islands at the mouth of the
See also:Oder which
See also:separate the Stettiner Haff from the Baltic
See also:Sea . It is divided from the mainland on the E. by the Dievenow Channel, and from
See also:Usedom on the W . 'by the
See also:Swine . It is roughly triangular in shape, and has an
See also:area of 95 sq. m . Heath and sand alternate with swamps, lakes and
See also:forest on its
See also:surface, which is
See also:flat, except towards the south-west, where the low hills of Lebbin rise .
See also:Cattle-rearing and fishing are the chief resources of the inhabitants, who number about 14,000 . Misdroy, on the N.W.
See also:coast, is a favourite sea-bathing resort, and some of the other villages, as Ostswine, opposite
See also:Swinemunde, Pritter, famous for its eels, and Lebbin, are also visited in summer . Wollin, the only
See also:town, is situated on the Dievenow, and is connected with the mainland by three bridges . It carries on the
See also:industries of a small seaport and fishing-town . Pop . (1900) 4679 . Near the
See also:modern town once stood the
See also:ancient and opulent Wendish city of Wolin or Jumne, called Julin by the Danes, and Winetha or Vineta (i.e .
Wendish town) by the Germans . In the loth and 11th centuries it was the centre of an active and extensive
See also:trade .
See also:Adam of
See also:Bremen (d . 1076) extols its
See also:size and
See also:wealth, and mentions that Greeks and other foreigners frequented it, and that
See also:Saxons were permitted to settle there on equal terms with the
See also:Wends, so long as they did not obtrude the fact of their
See also:Christianity . The Northmen made a settlement here about 970, and built a fortress on the "
See also:hill," called Jomsburg, which is often mentioned in the sagas . Its foundation was attributed to a legendary
See also:Viking exiled from Denmark, called Palnotoke or Palnatoki . The stronghold of Jomsburg was destroyed in 1098 by
See also:Magnus Barfod of Norway . This is probably the origin of the
See also:legend that Vineta was overthrown by a
See also:storm or
See also:earthquake and overwhelmed by the sea . Some submarine granite rocks near Damerow in Usedom are still popularly regarded as its ruins . The town of Wollin became in 1140 the seat of the Pomeranian bishopric, which was transferred to
See also:Kammin about 1170 . Wollin was burnt by Canute VI. of Den-mark in 1183, and was taken by the Swedes in 163o and 1759 and by the Brandenburgers in 1659 and 1675 . See Khull, Die Geschichte Palnatokis and der Jomsburger (
See also:Graz, 1892) ; Koch, Vineta in
See also:Prose and Poesie (
See also:Stettin, 1905) ; W. von Raumer, Die Insel Wollin (Berlin, 1851); Haas, Sagen and Erzdhlungen von den Inseln Usedom and Wallin (Stettin, 1904) .
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