See also:English naturalist and geologist, was
See also:born in
See also:Derbyshire on the 1st of May 1665 . At the age of sixteen he went to
See also:London, where he studied with Dr
See also:Peter Barwick, physician to
See also:Charles II . In 1692 he was appointed
See also:professor of physic in Gresham
See also:college . In 1693 he was elected F.R.S., in 1695 was made M.D. by Archbishop
See also:Tenison and also by Cambridge, and in 1702 became F.R.C.P . While still a student he became interested in botany and natural
See also:history, and during visits to
See also:Gloucestershire his
See also:attention was attracted by the fossils that are abundant in many parts of that
See also:county; and he began to
See also:form the
See also:great collection with which his name is associated . His views were set forth in An
See also:Essay toward a Natural History of the
See also:Earth and Terrestrial Bodies, especially Minerals, &°c . (1695; and ed . 1702, 3rd ed . 1723) . This was followed by Brief Instructions for making Observations in all Parts of the
See also:World (1696) . He was author also of An Attempt towards a Natural History of the Fossils of England (2 vols., 1728 and 1729) . In these
See also:works he showed that the stony
See also:surface of the earth was divided into strata, and that the enclosed shells were originally generated at
See also:sea; but his views of the method of formation of the rocks were entirely erroneous .
In his elaborate
See also:Catalogue he described his rocks, minerals and fossils in a manner far in advance of the age . He died on the 25th of
See also:April 1728, and was buried in
See also:Westminster Abbey . By his will he directed that his
See also:estate and effects were to be sold, and that
See also:land of the yearly value of one
See also:hundred and fifty pounds was to be puchased and conveyed to the University of Cambridge . A lecturer was to be chosen, and paid
See also:ioo a
See also:year to read at least four lectures every year, on some one or other of the subjects treated of in his Natural History of the Earth . Hence arose the Woodwardian professorship of geology . To the same university he bequeathed his collection of English fossils, to be under the care of the lecturer, and these formed the nucleus of the Woodwardian museum at Cambridge . The specimens have since been removed to the new Sedgwick museum . A full account of Woodward's
See also:life and views and a portrait of him are given in the Life and Letters of the Rev .
See also:Adam Sedgwick, by J . W .
See also:Clark and T . McK .
See also:Hughes, where it is mentioned that his paper, read before the Royal Society in 1699, entitled Some Thoughts and Experiments concerning Vegetation, ' shows that the author should be ranked as a founder of experimental plant-physiology, for he was one of the first to employ the method of
See also:water-culture, and to make refined experiments for the investigation of plant-life." See also The Lives of the Professors of Gresham College, by Jo.'-n
See also:Ward (1740) .
SAMUEL WOODWARD (179o-1838)
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