See also:English writer and diarist, was the third
See also:child and only daughter of
See also:Wordsworth of
See also:Cockermouth and his wife, Anne Cookson-Crackanthorpe . The poet
See also:William Wordsworth was her
See also:brother and a
See also:year her
See also:senior . On the
See also:death of her
See also:father in 1783, Dorothy found a home at
See also:Penrith, in the
See also:house of her maternal grandfather, and afterwards for a
See also:time with a
See also:lady at
See also:Halifax . In 1787, on the death of the elder William Cookson, she was adopted by her
See also:uncle, and lived in his Norfolk
See also:parish of Forncett . She and her brother William, who dedicated to his
See also:sister the Evening Walk of 1792, were early
See also:drawn to one another, and .in 1794 they visited the Lakes together . They determined that it would be best to combine their small capitals, and that Dorothy should keep house for the poet . From this time forth her
See also:life ran on lines closely parallel to those of her
See also:great brother, whose
See also:companion she continued to be till his death . It is thought that they made the acquaintance of
See also:Coleridge in 1797 . From the autumn of 1795 to
See also:July 1797 William and Dorothy Wordsworth took up their abode at Racedown, in
See also:Dorsetshire . At the latter date they moved to a large
See also:manor-house, Alfoxden, in the N. slope of the Quantock hills, in W .
See also:Somerset, S . T .
See also:ridge about the same time settling near by in the
See also:town of Nether Stowey . On the loth of
See also:January 1798 Dorothy Wordsworth began her invaluable Journal, used by successive biographers of her brother, but first printed in its quasi-entirety by
See also:Professor W . Knight in 1897 . The Wordsworths, Coleridge, and Chester
See also:left England for Germany on the 14th of
See also:September 1798; and of this
See also:journey also Dorothy Wordsworth preserved an account, portions of which were published in 1897 . On the 14th of May 1800 she started another Journal at
See also:Grasmere, which she kept very fully until the 31st of
See also:December of the same year . She resumed it on the 1st of January 1802 for another twelve months, closing on the lrth of January 1803 . These were printed first in 1889 . She composed Recollections of a Tour in Scotland, in 1803, with her brother and Coleridge; this was first published in 1874 . Her next contribution to the
See also:history was her Journal of a
See also:Mountain Ramble, in
See also:November 18os, an account of a walking tour in the Lake
See also:district with her brothel . In July 1820 the Wordsworths made a tour on the continent of
See also:Europe, of which Dorothy preserved a very careful record, portions of which were given to the
See also:world in 1884, the writer having refused to publish it in 1824 on the ground that her "
See also:object was not to make a
See also:book, but to leave to her niece a neatly-penned memorial of those few interesting months of our lives." Meanwhile, without her brother, but in the
See also:company of
See also:Hutchinson, Dorothy Wordsworth had travelled over Scotland in 1822, and had composed a Journal of that tour . Other
See also:MSS. exist and have been examined carefully by the editors and biographers of the poets, but the records which we have mentioned and her letters
See also:form the
See also:relics of Dorothy Wordsworth . In 1829 she was attacked by very serious illness, and was never again in
See also:health .
After 1836 she could not be considered to be inpossession of her
See also:mental faculties, and became a pathetic member of the interesting
See also:household at Grasmere . She outlived the poet, however, by several years, dying at Grasmere on the 25th of January 1855 . It would be difficult to exaggerate the importance of Dorothy Wordsworth's companionship to her illustrious brother . He has left numerous tributes to it, and to the sympathetic originality of her perceptions . " She," he said, " gave me eyes, she gave me ears; And humble cares, and delicate fears; A heart the fountain of sweet tears; And love, and thought, and joy." The value of the records preserved by Dorothy Wordsworth, especially in earlier years, is hardly to be over-estimated by those who
See also:desire to form an exact impression of the revival of English
See also:poetry . When Wordsworth and Coleridge refashioned imaginative literature at the close of the 18th century, they were daily and hourly accompanied by a feminine presence exquisitely attuned to sympathize with their efforts, and by an intelligence which was able and anxious to move in step with theirs . " S . T . C. and my beloved sister," William Wordsworth wrote in 1832, " are the two beings to whom my intellect is most indebted." In her pages we can put our
See also:finger on the very
See also:pulse of the machine; we are
See also:present while the New Poetry is evolved, and the sensitive descriptions in her
See also:prose lack nothing but the accomplishment of
See also:verse . Moreover, it is certain that the sharpness and fineness of Dorothy's observation, " the
See also:lights of her
See also:wild eyes," actually afforded material to the poets . Coleridge, for instance, when he wrote his famous lines about " The one red
See also:leaf, the last of its
See also:clan," used almost the very words in which, on the 7th of
See also:March 1798, Dorothy Wordsworth had recorded• " One only leaf upon the top of a
See also:tree . . . danced
See also:round and round like a rag blown by the
See also:wind." It is not merely by the
See also:biographical value of her notes that Dorothy Wordsworth lives .
She claims an
See also:independent place in the history of English prose as one of the very earliest writers who noted, in language delicately chosen, and with no other object than to pre-serve their fugitive beauty, the little picturesque phenomena of homely
See also:country life . When we speak with very high praise of her
See also:art in this direction, it is only
See also:fair to add that it is called forth almost entirely by what she wrote between 1798 and 1803, for a decline similar to that which fell upon her brother's poetry early invaded her prose; and her later
See also:journals, like her Letters, are less interesting because less inspired . A Life by E .
See also:Lee was published in 1886; but it is only since 1897, when Professor Knight collected and edited her scattered MSS., that Dorothy Wordsworth has taken her independent place in literary history . (E .
CHRISTOPHER WORDSWORTH (1807–1885)
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770-185o)
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