Online Encyclopedia

WYCOMBE (officially CHEPPING WYCOMBE,...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 871 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!

WYCOMBE (officially CHEPPING WYCOMBE, also CHIPPING or HIGH WYCOMBE)  , a market
See also:
town and municipal borough in the Wycombe
See also:
parliamentary division of Buckinghamshire, England, 34 M . W. by N. of
See also:
London by the
See also:
Great Western railway . Pop . (1901) 15,542 . The church of All Saints, originally of Norman foundation, was rebuilt in 1273 by the abbess and nuns of Godstow near Oxford, and was largely reconstructed early in the 15th century . For the grammar school, founded c . 1550 by the mayor and burgesses, a new
See also:
building was erected in 1883 . There are remains of a Norman hospital of St John the Baptist, consisting of arches of the
See also:
chapel . The market-house and
See also:
guildhall was erected in 1757 . The
See also:
family of Petty, with whom the town has long been connected, occupied the mansion called Wycombe Abbey . Lord Beaconsfield's mansion of Hughenden is I.'_ m . N. of the town .

Among a number of almshouses are some bearing the name of

Queen Elizabeth, endowed in 1562 out of the revenues of a dissolved fraternity of St Mary . The
See also:
principal industry is chair-making, and there are also
See also:
flour and paper mills . The borough is under a mayor, 8 aldermen and 24 councillors .
See also:
Area, 1734 acres . The burgesses of Wycombe have ancient rights of
See also:
common pasturage on the neighbouring
See also:
Rye Mead . There are various
See also:
British remains in the neighbourhood of Chipping Wycombe (Wicumbe, Wycumbee, Cheping Wycombe, Cheping Wichham), but the traces of a
See also:
Roman settlement are more important . In Domesday
See also:
Book the
See also:
manor only is mentioned, but in 1199 the men of Wycombe paid tallage to the king . In 1225-1226 Alan Basset granted to the burgesses the whole town as a
See also:
free borough . This grant was confirmed by Henry III.,
See also:
Edward I., Henry IV. and Mary . In 1558, however, a new charter of incorporation was granted in
See also:
reward for the
See also:
loyalty shown to Queen Mary . It was confirmed by Elizabeth in 1598 and by James I. in 1609 with certain additions . Cromwell granted another charter, but it was burnt after the Restoration, and the last charter was granted by Charles II. in 1663 .

The

corporation was remodelled under the Municipal Corporations Act of 1835, and now consists of a mayor, 6 aldermen and 18 councillors . Wycombe returned two burgesses to parliament in 1300 and continued to send members until 1885 . The franchise was enlarged after 1832, and in 1867 the borough was deprived of one of its members . A market was granted by Basset to the burgesses in 1226, and at the
See also:
present day it is held every Friday, the day fixed by the charter of Queen Mary . Two statutory fairs were held under thecharter of 1558, but in 1792 only one
See also:
fair was nerd on the Monday before Michaelmas for hiring, but there is now a pleasure fair on the same day . See John Parker,
See also:
History and Antiquities of Wycombe (1878) . WYE, a
See also:
river of England, famous for its beautiful scenery . It rises in Montgomeryshire on the E. slope of Plinlimmon, close to the source of the Severn, the estuary of which it joins after a widely divergent course . Its length is 130 m.; its drainage area (which is included in the basin of the Severn), 1609 sq. m .
See also:
Running at first S.E. it crosses the W. of Radnor-
See also:
shire, passing Rhayader, and receiving the Elan, in the basin of which are the
See also:
Birmingham reservoirs . It then divides Radnor-shire from Brecknockshire, receives the Ithon on the
See also:
left, passes Builth, and presently turns N.E. to Hay, separating Radnorshire from
See also:
Herefordshire, and thus forming a short stretch of the Welsh boundary . The river, which rose at an
See also:
elevation exceeding 2000 ft., has now reached a level of 250 ft., 55 M. from its source .

As it enters Herefordshire it bends E. by S. to reach the

city of
See also:
Hereford . It soon receives the Lugg, which, augmented by the Arrow and the
See also:
Frome, joins from the N . The course of the Wye now becomes extremely sinuous; and the valley narrows nearly to
See also:
Chepstow . For a short distance the Wye divides Herefordshire from Gloucestershire, and for the rest of its course Gloucestershire and
See also:
Monmouthshire . It passes Mon-mouth, where it receives the Monnow on the right, and finally Chepstow, 2 M. above its junction with the Severn estuary . The river is navigable for small vessels for 15 M . Up from the mouth on high tides, but there is not much
See also:
traffic above Chepstow . The
See also:
average spring rise of the tide is 38 ft. at Chepstow, while 5o ft. is sometimes exceeded; the average
See also:
neap rise is 282 ft . The scenery is finest between Rhayader and Hay in the upper
See also:
part, and from Goodrich, below Ross, to Chepstow in the
See also:
lower, the second being the portion which gives the Wye its fame . The name of Wye belongs also to two smaller
See also:
English rivers—(1) a right-
See also:
bank tributary of the
See also:
Derbyshire Dement, rising in the uplands near Buxton, and having part of its early course through one of the caverns characteristic of the
See also:
district; (2) a left-bank tributary of the
See also:
Thames, watering the valley of the Chilterns in which lies Wycombe and joining the main river near Bourne End .

End of Article: WYCOMBE (officially CHEPPING WYCOMBE, also CHIPPING or HIGH WYCOMBE)
[back]
WILLIAM WYCHERLEY (c. 1640-1716)
[next]
THOMAS WYKES

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.