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YXIII

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Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 737 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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YXIII. 24 _Masonry are concerned, whether before or after the premier Grand Lodge was formed, it is most unlikely that such a society as the Freemasons wou:d adopt anything of a really distinctive character from any other organization. In The Muses' Threnodie by H. Adamson (Perth, 1638) are the lines " For what we do presage is riot in grosse, For we are brethren of the Rosie Crosse; We have the Mason Word and second sight, Things for to come we can fortell aright." Dr Begemann considers that possibly during the decade from 1720 to 173o a kind of Rosicrucian or Hermetic influence took place in the lodges of London, some additions to the ritual of that period not having been derived from operative masonry; but in the previous century no such influence is traceable. Several modern societies have been formed from time to time (some of which are still flourishing in Great Britain) for the study of Rosicrucianism and allied subjects, but in no sense are they directly derived from the " Brethren of the Rosy Cross " of the 17th century, though keen followers thereof. By far the most important of these is the " Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia," with headquarters in London. The Supreme Magus, Dr William Wynn Westcott, has written its History (19o0), with other important works on the subject, and the published Transactions of the Society are most valuable. The Rosicrucians, their Rites and Mysteries, by Hargrave Jennings (three editions, 187o–87) ; The Real History of the Rosicrucians, founded on their own Manifestoes and on Facts and Documents collected from the Writings of Initiated Brethren, by A. E. Waite (1887) ; and The Arcane Schools, by John Yarker (1909), may be consulted with advantage, though not authorized publications of the Society. (W. J. H.*)
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