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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 961 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FRIEDRICH KARL THEODOR ZARNCKE (1825–1891), German philologist, was born on the 7th of July 1825 at Zahrenstorf, near Bruel, in Mecklenburg, the son of a country pastor. He was educated at the Rostock gymnasium, and studied (1844–1847) at the universities of Rostock, Leipzig and Berlin. In 1848 he was employed in arranging the valuable library of Old German literature of Freiherr Karl Hartwig von Meusebach (1781–1847), and superintending its removal from Baumgartenbrtick, near Potsdam, to the Royal Library at Berlin. In 185o he founded at Leipzig the Literarisches Centralblatt far Deutschland. In 1852 he established himself as Privatdozent at the university of Leipzig, and published an excellent edition of Sebastian Brant's Narrenschiff (1854), a treatise Zur Nibelungenfrage (1854), followed by an edition of the Nibelungenlied (1856, 12th ed. 1887), and Beitrage zur Erlduterung and Geschichte des Nibelungenliedes (1857). In 1858 he was appointed full professor, and commenced a series of noteworthy studies on medieval literature, most of which were published in the reports (Berichte) of the Saxon Society of Sciences. Among them were that on the old High German poem Muspilli (1866) ; Gesang vom heiligen Georg (1874) ; the legend of the Priester Johannes (1874); Der Graltempel (1876), and the Annolied (1887). He also wrote a valuable treatise on Christian Reuter (1884), on the portraits of Goethe (1884), and published the history of Leipzig university, Die urkundlichen Quellen zur Geschichte der Universitat Leipzig (1857) and Die deutschen Universithten im Mittelalter (1857). Two volumes of his Kleine Schriften appeared in 1897. See Zur Erinnerung an den Heimgang von Dr Friedrich Zarncke (1891); Franz Vogt in Zeitschrift fur deutsche Philologie; Eduard Zarncke in Biographisches Jahrbuch fur Altertumsioissenschaft (1895) and E. Sievers in Aligemeine deutsche Biographie.
End of Article: FRIEDRICH KARL THEODOR ZARNCKE (1825–1891)
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