ZEALAND (also SEALAND Or SEELAND; Danish Sjaelland) , the largest
See also:island of the
See also:kingdom of Denmark . It is bounded N. by the Cattegat, E. by the Sound, separating it from Sweden, and the Baltic
See also:Sea, S. by narrow straits separating it from Falster, Moen, and smaller islands, and W. by the
See also:Belt, separating it from Funen . Its nearer point to Sweden is 3 m., to Funen Ir . Its greatest extent from N. to S. is 82 m., from E. to W . 68 m., but the outline is very irregular . The
See also:area is 2636 sq. m . The
See also:surface is for the most
See also:part undulating, but on the whole little above sea-level; the highest elevations are in the south-east, where Cretaceous hills (the
See also:geological formation on the island) reach heights of upwards of 350 ft . The
See also:coast is indented by numerous deep bays and fjords; the Ise
See also:Fjord in the
See also:north, with its branches the
See also:Roskilde Fjord on the east and the Lamme Fjord on the west, penetrates inland for about 25 M . There are no
See also:rivers of importance; but several large lakes, the most considerable being Arre and Esrom, occur in the north-east . The
See also:soil is fertile and produces
See also:grain, especially
See also:rye and
See also:barley, in great abundance, as well as potatoes and other vegetables, and fruit . The scenery, especially in the neighbourhood of the fjords, is pleasant, lacking the barrenness of some portions of the kingdom . Zealand is divided into five amter (counties) .
(I) Frederiksborg, in the north, named from thepalace of Frederiksborg . In the north-east, where the coast approaches most nearly to Sweden, is Helsingor or
See also:Elsinore . (2) Kjobenhavn, south of Frederiksborg . The capital is that of the kingdom,
See also:Copenhagen (Kjobenhavn . The only other
See also:town of importance is the old
See also:cathedral city of Roskilde on the fjord of that name . Off the little
See also:port of Kjoge in the south the Danes under Nils Juel defeated the Swedes in 1677, and in another engagement in 1710 the famous Danish
See also:commander Hvitfeldt sank with his
See also:ship . (3) Holbaek, west of KjObenhavn . The chief town, Holbaek, lies on an
See also:arm of the Ise Fjord . In the west is the port of Kallundbcrg, with
See also:regular communication by steamer with
See also:Aarhus in
See also:Jutland . It has a singular Romanesque
See also:church of the 12th century . The
See also:district is diversified with small lakes, as the Ttis So . (4) Sorb, occupying the south-western part of the island .
The chief town, Sorb, lies amongwoods on the small Sor3 lake . It was formerly the seat of a university, ano remains an important educational centre . Its church, of the 12th century, contains the tombs of the poet Holberg (d . 1754) and of some of the Danish
See also:kings . Slagelse in the west, an agricultural centre. is an
See also:ancient town dating back to the 12th century . Here Hans Christian
See also:Andersen, the poet, received part of his
See also:education .
See also:Korsor is an important seaport . (5) Praesto, the most southerly
See also:county . The capital, Praesto, is a small port on the inner lagoon of a
See also:bay of this name, on the east coast . In the west is the ancient town of
See also:Naestved; in the south, Vordingborg, with a ruined
See also:castle and a small
See also:harbour . The railway here crosses a great
See also:bridge on to the small Masnedo, whence there is a
See also:ferry to Orehoved on Falster island, a
See also:link in the
See also:direct route between Copenhagen and Berlin .
FRIEDRICH KARL THEODOR ZARNCKE (1825–1891)
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