ZENODOTUS ,Greek grammarian and critic,
See also:pupil of
See also:Philetas (q.v.) of Cos, was a native of Ephesus . He lived during the reigns of the first two
See also:Ptolemies, and was at the height of his reputation about 28o B.C . He was the first
See also:superintendent of the library at Alexandria and the first critical editor (&opdiarrls) of
See also:Homer . His colleagues in the librarianship were
See also:Alexander of
See also:Aetolia and
See also:Lycophron of
See also:Chalcis, to whom were allotted the tragic and comic writers respectively, Homer and other epic poets being assigned to Zenodotus . Although he ,has been reproached with arbitrariness and an insufficient know-ledge of Greek, in his recension he undoubtedly laid a sound foundation for future
See also:criticism . Having collated the different
See also:MSS. in the library, he expunged or obelized doubtful verses, transposed or altered lines, and introduced new readings . He divided the Homeric poems into books (with capitals for the Iliad, and small letters for the Odyssey), and possibly was the author of the calculation of the days of the Iliad in the Tabula Iliaca . He does not appear to have written any
See also:regular commentary on Homer, but his Homeric y7iavo-at (lists of unusual words) probably formed the source of the explanations of Homer attributed by the grammarians to Zenodotus . He also lectured upon
See also:Anacreon and Pindar, if he did not publish
See also:editions of them . He is further called an, epic poet by Suidas, and three epigrams in the Greek
See also:Anthology are assigned to him . There appear to have been at least two other grammarians of the same name: (I) Zenodotus of Alexandria, surnamed 2 Whether Shapur or his son Hormuzdi is not certain; Shapur's
See also:death is variously placed in 269 and 272 . d v dare; (2) Zenodotus of Mallus, the
See also:disciple of
See also:Crates, who like his
See also:master attacked
See also:Aristarchus .
See F . A .
See also:Wolf, Prolegomena ad Homerum, section 43 (1859 edition) ; H . Mintzer, De Zenodoti studiis Homericis (1848) ; A . Romer, Uber die Homerrecension
See also:des Zenodotus (
See also:Munich, 1885); F . Susemihl, Geschichte der griechischen Litteratur in der Alexandrineezeit, i. p . 330, ii. p . 14; J . E . Sandys, Hist. of Class . Schol . (1906), ed .
2, vol. i. pp . 119–121 .
ZENODOCHIUM (Gr. Eevot5oxeiov, E vor, stranger, gue...
the article does not refer to the exensive discussion by Pfeiffer in " History of Classical Scholarship" Oxford Clarendon Press 1968, pp 104-122. Also there is very likely to be more recent scholarship to which I would like to have the references. LJ Priestley
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