Online Encyclopedia

ZOYLUS (c. 400-320 B.C.)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 1000 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
ZOYLUS (c. 400-320 B.C.), Greek grammarian of Amphipolis in Macedonia. According to Vitruvius (vii., preface) he lived during the age of Ptolemy Philadelphus (285-247 B.C.), by whom he was crucified as the punishment of his criticisms on the king. This account, however, should probably be rejected. Zoilus appears to have been at one time a follower of Isocrates, but subsequently a pupil of Polycrates, whom he heard at Athens, where he was a teacher of rhetoric. Zoilus was chiefly known for the acerbity of his attacks on Homer (which gained him the name of Homeromastix, " scourge of Homer "), chiefly directed against the fabulous element in the Homeric poems. Zoilus also wrote against Isocrates and Plato, who had attacked the style of Lysias of which he approved. The name Zoilus came to be generally used of a spiteful and malignant critic. See U. Friedlander, De Zoilo aiiisque Homeri Obtrectatoribus (Konigsberg, 1895); J. E. Sandys, History of Classical Scholarship (2nd ed. 1906).
End of Article: ZOYLUS (c. 400-320 B.C.)
[back]
ZOUTPANSBERG
[next]
COUNT MIKLOS ZRINYI (1508—1566)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.