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Bonno, Giuseppe

court vienna brought opera

Bonno, Giuseppe, noted Austrian composer of Italian descent; b. Vienna, Jan. 29, 1711; d. there, April 15, 1788. His father, Lucrezio Bonno, was the imperial footman. Giuseppe Bonno began his musical studies with Johann Georg Reinhardt, the court organist. Charles VI sent Bonno to Naples in 1726 for further musical education; there he studied composition with Durante and Leo. His first opera, Nigella e Nise, was performed in Naples in 1732. In 1736 he returned to Vienna, where he brought out his second opera, L’amore insuperabile . In 1737 he was made a court scholar in composition, and in 1739 was named court composer. In 1739 he brought out his oratorio Eleazaro, which proved highly successful. He subsequently joined Gluck and Dittersdorf as a Kapellmeister to Field Marshall Joseph Friedrich, Prince of Sachsen-Hildburghausen, in Schlo-sshof and Mannersdorf. In 1774 he succeeded Gas-smann as Imperial Court Kapellmeister. Bonno was greatly esteemed as a teacher; Dittersdorf and Marianne di Martinez were among his pupils. He was a friend of the Mozart family, and recognized the budding genius of Mozart at an early date.

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