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McDaniel, Hattie (1895–1952)

black radio circuit minstrel

McDANIEL, HATTIE (1895–1952). Actress. Born in Wichita, Kansas, Hattie McDaniel started her showbiz career in Denver, Colorado, at age 13, performing in school plays and black minstrel shows. After winning a local talent award, she quit school to become a vaudeville performer, touring the West Coast circuit with the Henry McDaniel Minstrel Show, a troupe organized by her father. She toured with the Melody Hounds, led by George Morrison in 1920, and made her radio debut in 1924, while they were performing in Denver. McDaniel also wrote and recorded many of her own songs on the Okeh and Paramount Labels in Chicago, and became a headliner on the Pantages Theater circuit. She made her way to Hollywood in 1931 and supported herself as a washerwoman and maid until she began to land movie roles in films, such as Judge Priest , 1934; The Little Colonel , 1935; and Showboat , 1936. She also revived her radio career while in Los Angeles and performed weekly as Hi-Hat Hatie. In 1940, she became the first African American to win an Academy Award for her portrayal of Mammy in Gone with the Wind , 1939. Despite this achievement, the National Associatgion for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), often criticized McDaniel for perpetuating the “Mammy” stereotype. Another first came in 1947, when she became the first black actress to play a black character on The Beulah Show, a nationally syndicated radio program. She later replaced Ethel Waters in the television version of the series.

Filmography: Impatient Maiden , 1932; Crooner , 1932; Blonde Venus , 1932; The Boiling Point , 1932; Hello, Sister , 1933; I’m No Angel , 1933; Judge Priest , 1934; Imitation of Life , 1934; Flirtation , 1934; Okay Toots! , 1935; Little Men , 1935; China Seas , 1935; Alice Adams , 1935; Music is Magic , 1935; Our Gang , 1935; The Singing Kid , 1936; Show Boat , 1936; Star for a Night , 1936; Reunion , 1936; Racing Lady , 1936; Can This Be Dixie? 1936; The Bride Walks Out , 1936; Don’t Tell the Wife , 1937; Saratoga , 1937; Nothing Sacred , 1937; True Confessions , 1937; Battle of Broadway , 1938; Carefree , 1938; Everybody’s Baby , 1939; Zenobia , 1939; Gone with the Wind , 1939; They Died with Their Boots on , 1941; Thank Your Lucky Stars , 1943; Since You Went Away , 1944; Three is a Family , 1944; Janie Gets Married , 1946; Song of the South , 1946; Never Say Goodbye , 1946; The Flame , 1947; Mickey , 1948; Family Honeymoon , 1948; The Big Wheel , 1949.

McDonagh, Martin - Playwright, Career, Sidelights, Selected writings, Plays, Screenplays [next] [back] McCormick, Cyrus - Overview, Personal Life, Career Details, Chronology: Cyrus McCormick, Social and Economic Impact

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