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Andriessen, Louis (Joseph)

music prize amsterdam teacher

Andriessen, Louis (Joseph), significant Dutch composer and teacher, son of Hendrik (Franciscus) Andriessen, brother of Jurriaan Andriessen, and nephew of Willem (Christian Nicolaas) Andriessen; b. Utrecht, June 6, 1939. He began studies with his father in 1953, and then pursued training with Kees van Baaren at the Royal Cons, of Music at The Hague (1957–62). After winning its composition prize, he completed his studies with Berio in Milan and Berlin (1962–65). Returning to his homeland, he made a name for himself in avant-garde music circles. In 1972 he founded De Volharding (Perseverance), an unconventional wind band devoted to taking music to people in the streets. Andriessen became a teacher of instrumentation at the Royal Cons, of Music at The Hague in 1974, and then taught composition there from 1978. In 1976 he founded the experimental music group Hoketus, with which he remained active until it was disbanded in 1987. With the premiere of his De Stoat (The Republic) for 4 Women’s Voices and Large Ensemble in Amsterdam on Nov. 28, 1976, Andriessen established himself as one of the principal figures in Dutch musical life. In 1977 it won him the Matthijs Vermeulen Prize and the first prize of Unesco’s International Rostrum of Composers. He was a lecturer at Yale Univ. in 1987. On June 1, 1989, three parts of his music theater piece De Materie (Matter) inaugurated the new Muziektheater in Amsterdam. In 1992 he was awarded the Matthijs Vermeulen Prize for a second time. He served as artistic director of the Meltdown Festival at the South Bank Centre in London in 1994. In 1996 he was a lecturer at Princeton Univ. With E. Schônberger, he publ. the study Het Apollinische Uurwerk (Amsterdam, 1983; Eng. tr., 1989, as The Apollonian Clockwork: On Stravinsky) . While Andriessen’s output reflects the influence of such diverse figures as Bach, Ives, Stravinsky, and Charlie Parker, he has found his own unmistakable compositional voice.

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