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Edward the Confessor, Saint

century england vision shrine

Edward (1003–1066) was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England (with the exception of the brief reign of Harold Godwinson). He spent much of his early life in exile in Normandy. He died childless, and his *death, followed by Earl Harold’s coronation, sparked the Norman invasion and conquest of England in 1066. Famed for his piety, generosity, and patronage of the arts, he was canonized in 1161. A shrine for his *relics was created in 1163 in Westminster abbey (which had been lavishly rebuilt with his support), and his relics were transferred to an even more magnificent shrine in 1269. Biographies of Edward, composed in the early and mid-twelfth century, provided sources for illustrations in a variety of media, especially thirteenth-century and later manuscripts, sculpture, and stained glass. As seen in the late eleventh-century Bayeux Tapestry, Edward is normally shown as a tall, bearded man, often crowned, and with his chief attribute: a ring, which, according to the life composed in the mid-twelfth century, he had generously given to a beggar. Later English *pilgrims in the Holy Land met an old man claiming to be Saint *John the Apostle who returned the ring to them, asking that they take it back to England and alert Edward of his impending *death. Edward is also shown seeing a vision of *Christ and seeing a vision of the *Seven Sleepers of Ephesus.
Edwards, Robert (Geoffrey) [next] [back] Educational Technology Standards - INTRODUCTION, E-LEARNING: A BRIEF BACKGROUND, THE LEARNING TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, Learning Objects

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