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Bacewicz, Grazyna

warsaw violin composition polish

Bacewicz, Grazyna, notable Polish composer and violinist; b. Lódz, Feb. 5, 1909; d. Warsaw, Jan. 17, 1969. She learned to play the violin in her youth and began to compose at age 13. She then was a student of Józef Jarzebski (violin), Józef Turczýnski (piano), and Sikorski (composition) at the Warsaw Cons., graduating in 1932. She also studied philosophy at the Univ. of Warsaw. A scholarship from Paderewski enabled her to study violin with André Touret and composition with Boulanger at the École Normale de Musique in Paris (1932–33). After teaching at the Lódz Cons. (1933–34), she returned to Paris to study violin with Flesch. In 1935 she received honorable mention at the first Wieniawski violin competition in Warsaw, and then played in the Polish Radio Sym. Orch. there (1936–38). From 1945 to 1955 she was active as a concert violinist. From 1966 until her death, she taught at the Warsaw State Coll. of Music. In 1949 she won the Warsaw Prize, and in 1950 and 1952 the National Prize for composition. Bacewicz’s large catalog of works generally adhered to neoclassical principles. After the rise of the new Polish school of composition, she pursued more adventuresome paths.

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