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Bieber, Margarete (1879–1978) - Art History

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Margarete Bieber, a leading authority on Greek and Roman art, was born July 31, 1879, in Schoenau, West Prussia (now Preshowo, Poland). Her father was   Jacob Bieber, an industrialist, and her mother was Vally (Bukofer) Bieber. Margarete attended Berlin University from 1901 to 1904 and received a Ph.D. from Bonn University in 1907. She became an assistant at the German Archaeological Institute in Athens, Greece, in 1910 before returning to Germany in 1913, where she worked in various museums and taught in various universities until she fled to England to escape Hitler’s regime.

Bieber was an honorary fellow at Somerville College at Oxford, England, for the 1933–34 school year and then traveled to the United States to become a lecturer at Barnard College in New York from 1934 to 1936. From 1936 to 1948 she was associate professor of fine arts and archaeology at Columbia University in New York. She continued as a member of the department of art at Princeton University in New Jersey from 1949 to 1951 and at the Institute of General Studies at Columbia University from 1948 to 1956. She was involved in Associate University Seminars for the department of classical civilization from 1960 to 1974.

Bieber’s first publications for American markets were The History of the Greek and Roman Theatre (1939) and Laocoon: The Influence of the Group Since Its Rediscovery (1942). She edited German Readings in the History and Theory of Fine Arts in 1946; it was later published as A Short Survey of Greek and Roman Art for Students of German and Fine Arts in 1958. She wrote The Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age in 1955; A Bronze Statuette in Cincinnati and Its Place in the History of the Asklepios Type in 1957, and Roman Men in Greek Himation in 1959. She also published The Copies of the Herculaneum Women in 1962. Bieber wrote The Greek and Roman Portraits of Alexander the Great in 1964, and Graeco-Roman Copies in 1975. The History of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Clothing was published that same year, and her last book, A Contribution to the History of Graeco-Roman Sculpture , was published when she was ninety-six years old. Margarete Bieber died two years later, on February 23, 1978.

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