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Gnudi, Martha Teach (1908–1976) - History of Medicine, Technology

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Martha Teach Gnudi was born in Sycamore, Illinois, on October 26, 1908, to Charles L. and Rosa M. (Tischhouser) Teach. She received a B.A. (cum laude) at the University of Southern California in 1929 and a doctor of letters from the University of Bologna in 1931 (the first woman to receive a degree from this university). She married Dante Gnudi, who was in the hotel business, in 1933. In 1935 she wrote, with Jerome P. Webster at Columbia University Medical Center, Documenti Inediti Intorse All Vita de Gaspare Tagliacozzi . From 1942 to 1963 she was librarian of the Webster Library of Plastic Surgery in the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York, then was placed in charge of the historical and special collections of the Biomedical Library, University of California. In 1942, with Cyril Stanley Smith, she translated the Pirotechnia by Vannoccio Biringuccio (1540), the first book on metallurgy, published in Venice. She then wrote, with Jerome Pierce Webster, a famous plastic surgeon, The Life and Times of Gaspare Tagliacozzi (1545–1599) , a pioneer in plastic surgery. She was awarded the Welch Medal of the American Association for the History of Medicine in 1954.

From 1967 almost until her death, Martha Gnudi translated Agostino Ramelli’s Le Diverse et Artificiose Machine (1588). (Ramelli was an engineer for the king of France.) She completed the translation, but died on April 30, 1976, without seeing the final copy.

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