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Baird, Tadeusz

music warsaw polish composer

Baird, Tadeusz, prominent Polish composer; b. Grodzisk Mazowiecki, July 26, 1928; d. Warsaw, Sept. 2, 1981. He studied music privately in Lódz with Sikorski and Woytowicz (1943–44); then at the Warsaw Cons, with Rytel and Perkowski (1947–51); had piano lessons with Wituski (1948–51); also studied musicology with Lissa at the Univ. of Warsaw (1948–52). In 1949, together with Krenz and Serocki, he founded a progressive society of composers under the name Group 49. In 1956 he became active in initiating the first International Festival of Contemporary Music, during the “Warsaw Autumn.” In 1977 he was appointed prof. of composition at the Chopin Academy of Music in Warsaw. As a composer, Baird won numerous awards, among them the Fitelberg Competition of 1958, three prizes of the Tribune Internationale des Compositeurs in Paris (1959, 1963, 1966), and the Polish State Awards for his three syms. (1951, 1964, 1969). He also was awarded the Commander’s Cross of the Order of Poland’s Revival (1964) and the Order of the Banner of Labor, second and first Class (1974, 1981). His early music followed the neo-Romantic modalities characteristic of Polish music; further evolution was marked by complex structures in the manner of dynamic expressionism, with occasional applications of serialism.

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