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Hyslop, Beatrice Fry (1899–1973) - French History

published college professor cahiers

Beatrice Fry Hyslop was born on April 10, 1899, in New York to James Hervey Hyslop, professor of philosophy and ethics at Columbia College and founder of the American Society for Psychical Research, and Mary Fry (Hall) Hyslop, who died when Beatrice was eighteen months old. She attended Barnard School for Girls from 1912 to 1915 before matriculating at Mount Holyoke College, where she was a Phi Beta Kappa majoring in history and art. She graduated with honors in 1919 and taught two years at Mrs. Day’s School in New Haven, Connecticut, before attending graduate school at Columbia University, where she studied the French Revolutionary era. Hyslop was awarded an A.M. in 1924 with a thesis on French guilds. She taught at Rosemary Hall and Mount Holyoke until 1928, when she resumed her studies at Columbia.

In 1931 the French government commissioned Beatrice Hyslop to verify and catalogue the cahiers de doléances of 1789 (a list of grievances drawn up during the election of the Estates-General), and she spent three years in France on the project. She was made a Chevalier des Palmes académiques (elevated to Officer in 1952). In 1933 she published “Répertoire critique des cahiers de doléances pour les Etats-généreaux de 1789” as her doctoral thesis. The next year she received her Ph.D. and published French Nationalism in 1789 According to the General Cahiers . She also returned to the United States and, because of the Depression, taught at Kingswood School for Girls in Bloomfield, Michigan. She then secured an appointment as history instructor at Hunter College in 1936. That same year she published A Guide to the General Cahiers .

Hyslop became an assistant professor in 1941 and in 1947–1948 edited the “France” section of “Recently Published Articles” for the American Historical Review . She became an associate professor in 1949 and full professor in 1954. In 1955 Hyslop founded the Society for French Historical Studies and later served as its third president. In 1959 she received an honorary degree from Mount Holyoke and in 1961 became a Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur. From 1964 to 1969 she served as a member of the graduate faculty of City University of New York and during that time published L’Apanage de Philippe-Egalité, duc d’Orléans, 1785–1791 . She retired in 1969 and became a visiting scholar at the University of Kentucky that year and at Winthrop College the next year. In 1970, with Jacques Godechot and David Dowd, she published The Napoleonic Era in Europe . Beatrice Hyslop died on July 23, 1973, of a heart attack at her sister’s home in Rochester, New York.

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