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Ware, Caroline F. (1899–1990) - Economic History

school harvard university ware’s

Caroline F. Ware was born on August 14, 1899, in Brookline, Massachusetts, to Henry and Louisa Ware. Caroline’s great-great-grandfather was dean of Harvard University Divinity School, and her father was a lawyer and a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School. She attended Vassar in 1916, where she studied under Lucy Salmon and graduated in 1920. She taught at the Baldwin School, a private institution for girls in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, and in 1922 was part of the tutorial staff at the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers, which resulted in a lifelong interest in the working class. Ware spent the 1922–1923 school year at Oxford University until her mother’s illness forced her to return to Boston. Her fascination with Frederick Jackson Turner led her to Harvard for the fall 1923 term. The school had just obtained the papers of the Boston Manufacturing Company in Waltham, and this became Ware’s dissertation topic, which in turn resulted in The Early New England Cotton Manufacture . The book earned the Hart, Schaffner and Marx prize for the outstanding book in economics in 1929. Meanwhile, she had married Gardiner Means, also a student at the university, in 1927. (Ware decided to keep her own name because she had a bigger reputation than he and she didn’t want to lose the momentum.) She obtained an academic position at Vassar College. In 1931 she agreed to direct a Columbia project on the study of Greenwich Village. In 1935 the results were published as Greenwich Village 1920–1930: A Comment on American Civilization in the Post War Years . As she became more immersed in teaching, Ware’s writing was put aside until the late 1950s, when she coauthored and edited a volume of the United Nations’ History of the Cultural and Scientific Development of Mankind with Dutch historian Jan Romein and Indian historian K. M. Panikkar. This proved to be Caroline Ware’s last publication, though she remained intellectually active until her death in 1990.

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