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Africa: British Colonies - HISTORY OF BRITISH COLONIAL RULE IN AFRICA, PRECOLONIAL RACIAL AND ETHNIC RELATIONS IN BRITISH COLONIAL AFRICA

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Colonialism by its very nature has racist connotations. British colonialism in particular was structured as a dictatorship, using violence to pacify the colonial subjects and to maintain order. There was no input from the colonized in the way that they were governed: The British Colonial Office in London made all the decisions concerning the colonies. The British also tended to choose a preferred ethnic group over all the others in the countries that they colonized. These preferred groups, usually a conservative minority within the country, were supported to the extent that they worked against the interests of their fellow Africans. For example, the British chose the Arab minority to lord it over the majority Africans in the Sudan and favored the Fulani in Nigeria. The British preferred ethnic societies with dictatorial and hierarchical systems like their own, and they recruited members of these ethnicities in disproportionate numbers into the colonial military. At independence, these soldiers often staged coups and removed the democratically elected civilian governments of their countries.

HISTORY OF BRITISH COLONIAL RULE IN AFRICA

It is important to note that the advent of British colonization of Africa coincided with the era of scientific racism as represented by social Darwinism (survival of the fittest). The British believed that because they had superior weaponry and were therefore more technologically advanced than the Africans, that they had a right to colonize and exploit the resources of the Africans in the name of promoting civilization. But it is inherently contradictory for an invading force to usher in “civilization.”

Britain had many colonies in Africa: in British West Africa there was Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Southern Cameroon, and Sierra Leone; in British East Africa there was Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar); and in British South Africa there was South Africa, Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Nyasaland (Malawi), Lesotho, Botswana, and Swaziland. Britain had a strange and unique colonial history with Egypt. The Sudan, formerly known as the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, was jointly ruled by Egypt and Britain, because they had jointly colonized the area. The joint colonial administration of the Sudan by Egypt and Britain was known as the condominium government. The British system of government affected the type of racial or ethnic problems that all of Britain’s African colonies had during the colonial period, the immediate postcolonial period, and from the 1980s into the twenty-first century.

PRECOLONIAL RACIAL AND ETHNIC RELATIONS IN BRITISH COLONIAL AFRICA

Ethnic rivalries were not serious in precolonial Africa. The majority of ethnic nations lived in their independent small polities. There were, however, some large conquering empires: the Bugandan Empire in Uganda; the Zulus in South Africa; the Mwene Mutapa Empire of the Shona people in Zambia, or Great Zimbabwe; the Benin Empire; the kingdoms of the Yoruba (Ife, Oyo, and Ibadan); the Ashanti in Ghana; the Fulani Empire in northern Nigeria, which even tried to extend into regions of Sierra Leone; the Kanem-Bornu Empire around the Lake Chad area of northern Nigeria; and the Igbo of southeastern Nigeria, who lived in small democratic states with the few exceptions of some representative monarchies. But things changed with the British Empire’s entrance into Africa.

Africa: French Colonies - POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF FRENCH COLONIES IN AFRICA, ASSOCIATION AND ASSIMILATION [next] [back] Africa: Belgian Colonies - HISTORY OF BELGIAN COLONIZATION, THE ADMINISTRATION OF CONGO BY THE BELGIANS (1908–1960)

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over 3 years ago

When did they first start colonizing Africa?

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over 3 years ago

I have found this material extremely useful as I did the material about French, German and Belgian colonies.

Thank you.

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over 2 years ago

Ha. As if the Africans back then even knew what to do with their "resources", or how to do it.

Funny hpw under British rule many of these places were somewhat advanced and civilized societies, but look at them now under their communist anti-colonial dictators. Machette chop chop. Obama inherited the "dreams from his father" to take down the "impirial west" in revenge for their colonizaion of Africa, ya know? Explains his white-hot hatred for the British (returning the bust of Churchill to them as his first act in the White House, which was there for decades).

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almost 3 years ago

i think u should do more this is not enough nice though!

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over 3 years ago

penis

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over 3 years ago

this really helped me in pe:)

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over 3 years ago

why did Egypt want to colonise Uganda

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over 3 years ago

I don't agree, I'm sorry, I just don't.



Shout out to Eddy S, Joey M, Jakey t, Tommy Wl, Ray M and the rest of the crew.

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over 2 years ago

Hey ya'll!Justin Bieber in the houuuuuse. Came in to research for this history thing during me rehearsal break

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over 2 years ago

i like boyz

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about 2 years ago

PENIS!!!!

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about 2 years ago

I LOVE P-U-S-S-Y SO MUCH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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about 2 years ago

I LOVE P-U-S-S-Y SO MUCH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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over 2 years ago

i like this piece its very intresting

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over 3 years ago

this really helped me in pe:)

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over 2 years ago

i like boyz

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about 2 years ago

I LOVE P-U-S-S-Y SO MUCH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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over 1 year ago

I have learnt for the first time that Sudan was colonised jointly by Egypt and Britain. Thanks for the information

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over 1 year ago

Hi

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about 2 years ago

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over 1 year ago

Soon we'll have no European in Africa !!!!!!

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about 2 years ago

I LOVE P-U-S-S-Y SO MUCH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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over 1 year ago

this was kinda helpful but just needed more information. And i do agree that western colonizers just came to Africa with racist ideologies wanting to take advantage of the native Africans' resources. anyone who disagrees is still living in the fifties with a kkk costume and a confeterate flag waving over their house.

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over 2 years ago

ur mom

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about 3 years ago

not comprehensible



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over 1 year ago

FRIED CHICKEN!!!!!!!!

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over 1 year ago

It's very helpful indeed!

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over 1 year ago

no matter what our fourth-fathers encountered the white must still come to Ghana and rule us bcos our elders of today are wisely corrupt and selfishness to the utilization of the country's resource,not to its development.

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over 1 year ago

whosever stronger wins. that's what happened. If a nation has the oppurtunity to better itself, it's not wrong if they act upon it.



Only bleeding heart libtards bellieve this.

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over 1 year ago

The most horrendous colony in Africa was Liberia. Run by Americo- Liberians. Descednts of the free slaves. The 1929 League of Nations inquiry into ; Torture, Forced labour and slavery saw the Vice President imprisoned and the President forced to return to America. Encyclopedia Britannica admits its entry of a Independ State pre 1980 is false. Placed Under De Jure. Liberai became truly Independent in 1980.

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over 1 year ago

nice thought and I real love it

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over 1 year ago

Niceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee