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de Bary, (Heinrich) Anton

mycology gains loses german

[duh ba ree] (1831–88) German botanist: a founder of mycology.

De Bary left medicine to teach botany in three German universities before settling in Strasbourg in 1872. His main work was in mycology, where he showed that fungi are the cause of rust and smut diseases of plants (and not a result, as others had thought). He went on to show that lichens consist of a fungus and an alga in intimate partnership, forming a remarkably hardy union with mutual benefits. De Bary named this symbiosis; the term now is used to cover three kinds of specialized association between individuals of different species, including parasitism (one organism gains, the other loses) as well as commensalism (one organism gains, the other neither loses nor gains) and mutualism (a mutually beneficial association, as in the lichens).

De Bary’s excellent descriptions and classifications of fungi, algae, ‘moulds and yeasts’, established them as plants that happen to be small and did much to create modern mycology.

de Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands [next] [back] Days, Drew Saunders(1941–) - Lawyer, federal government official, educator, Becomes Assistant Attorney General and Solicitor General

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