Other Free Encyclopedias » Online Encyclopedia » Encyclopedia - Featured Articles » Contributed Topics from A-E

Edwards, Robert (Geoffrey)

ivf eggs human success

(1925– ) British physiologist: pioneer of human IVF.

After qualifying in medicine at Edinburgh and research on mammalian reproduction in the UK and USA, Edwards became professor of human reproduction at Cambridge (1985–89), with special interests in fertility and infertility and the process of conception. Attempts to fertilize mammalian eggs outside the body (in vitro fertilization, IVF) were made in 1878; but it was not until 1978 that the first IVF baby, Louise Brown, was born. Success was due to work by Edwards in collaboration, from 1968, with the gynaecologist P C Steptoe (1913–88) whose expertise with the laparoscope allowed eggs to be removed from the womb. Edwards systematically studied the factors needed to preserve and ripen the immature eggs, which were then fertilized with sperm; the resulting embryo was matured in ‘a magic culture fluid’ before being implanted in the uterus. Much work was needed to define this optimum culture medium and conditions for success, and to show that the artificially fertilized embryos would not result in abnormal offspring. The IVF method has proved very successful in dealing with some types of infertility.

Efficient Method for Image Indexing in Medical Application - INTRODUCTION, RELATED WORK, META-MODEL OF RELATIONS, Definition of Intersection Sets [next] [back] Edward the Confessor, Saint

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or