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Euler-Chelpin, Hans K A S von

enzymes prize chemistry shared

(1873–1964) German–Swedish biochemist.

Born in Germany, Euler-Chelpin began higher education as an art student, but his interest in colour led him into science, which he studied in Berlin, Göttingen and Paris, with teachers including Emil . He became a lecturer in physical chemistry at Stockholm in 1900, and took Swedish nationality in 1902. When the First World War began he joined the German army as an artillery officer, but then became commander of a bomber squadron in the air force for half of each year, with his university work in Stockholm compressed into the remaining half-year. On this odd basis began a research career dominated by his study of enzymes and to a lesser extent their relatives the vitamins. His prolific output included work on saccharase, zymase, urease and the pepsidases and on the co-enzymes NAD and NADP. For his work on enzymology he shared the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1929 with ; his son Ulf von Euler shared the Prize for physiology or medicine in 1970 for isolating the neurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system, and showing it to be noradrenalin; Ulf had also discovered the first of the prostaglandins, in 1935.

Euler, Leonhard [next] [back] Eugenics, History of - THE IMPACT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY, DEBATING INNATENESS, IRELAND AND JAMAICA, GALTON’s PROJECT, DARWIN’s DESCENT

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