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Fabrizio, Girolamo

embryology padua aquapendente anatomy

( Ital ), Fabricius ab Aquapendente ( Lat ) [fa brit sioh] ( c .1533–1619) Italian anatomist: pioneer of scientific embryology.

Fabrizio is often named in Latin, coupled with the Tuscan village of Aquapendente where he was born. He was a student in Padua and later taught there for 50 years. He first studied the classics and then medicine; his teacher of anatomy and surgery was , whom he succeeded as professor in 1565. He researched and wrote on the larynx, the eye, muscular action and respiration. He supervised the building of the anatomy theatre in Padua, which was the first of its kind and which still exists. It was there that he demonstrated the valves in the veins to his students, including , who became interested in the problem of blood circulation; Fabrizio did not understand the function of the valves, which were to be a key in Harvey’s work.

Fabrizio’s most original research was in embryology. In 1600 he wrote a comparative study of the late fetus in various animals and in 1604 he described the formation of the chick in the hen’s egg from the sixth day. His well-illustrated descriptions mark the beginning of embryology as a new branch of biology.

After he officially retired in 1613 he continued as an active researcher until his death, aged about 86.

Face for Interface - INTRODUCTION: THE HUMAN FACE, BACKGROUND: FACIAL ACTION CODING, CRITICAL ISSUES, CONCLUSION [next] [back] Fabre, Jean Henri - PHEROMONES

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