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Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold

body medical ray developed

(1919– ) British physicist: developed first X-ray tomographic body scanner.

Hounsfield received no formal university education but studied at the City and Guilds College and at the Faraday House College for Electrical Engineering in London. In 1951 he joined Electrical and Musical Industries (EMI), becoming head of the medical research division.

Independently of , Hounsfield developed the technique of X-ray computer-assisted tomography (CAT), whereby high-resolution images of the soft body tissues (which are normally almost transparent to X-rays) are built up by computer from many measurements of the absorption of X-ray beams in different directions through the body. In the early 1970s he developed the first commercial CAT body scanner at EMI; such machines are now an invaluable medical tool. Hounsfield has continued to lead research into medical imaging, pursuing in particular the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. In 1979 Hounsfield shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Cormack.

Hourani, Hani (1945–) - PERSONAL HISTORY, BIOGRAPHICAL HIGHLIGHTS, PERSONAL CHRONOLOGY:, INFLUENCES AND CONTRIBUTIONS, THE WORLD’S PERSPECTIVE, LEGACY, CONTEMPORARIES [next]

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