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Nansen, Fridtjof

arctic north pioneer zoology

(1861–1930) Norwegian explorer and biologist: pioneer of arctic exploration.

Nansen graduated in zoology from the University of Christiania (now Oslo), later being appointed professor of zoology and then of oceanography at Christiania. Nansen is known as a pioneer of Arctic exploration. In 1888 he crossed the Greenland ice sheet for the first time, demonstrating that it covered the entire island. Between 1893 and 1896 he made an epic voyage in the Fram , a specially strengthened ship which he allowed to freeze into the ice pack and to be carried by the currents around the Arctic Ocean, reaching 87°57’N, further north than anyone had been before. He later did further oceanographic work in the Barents and Kara Seas and in the north-east Atlantic. An ardent nationalist, Nansen played an important part in the separation of Norway from Sweden in 1905 and became the first ambassador to Britain of the newly independent state. In 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his humanitarian work for famine relief and refugee aid after the First World War.

Napier, John [next] [back] Nakuina, Emma Kaili Metcalf Beckley (1847–1929) - Hawaiian History

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